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The Chinese Government Empirical Study of Preferential Agricultural Policies

Author: ZhengTianMing
Tutor: LiZhenHua
School: Jilin University of Finance and Economics
Course: Administrative Sciences
Keywords: Rural issues Preferential agricultural policies Urban and rural development Regional differences Land system Policy control Farmer income
CLC: D422.6
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2011
Downloads: 35
Quote: 0
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Abstract


China is a large agricultural country, there are more than 70% of the population distribution in rural areas. In our particular historical and social context, the new democratic revolution and socialist construction in China during the great achievements of Marxism lies in the acquisition of the "three rural" problem of the breakthrough. China’s ruling regime is built on the "encircling the cities, the armed seizure of power" revolution line based on the complete victory of the coalition government of workers and peasants, the ruling party to carry out revolutionary activities in the rural long-term process of accumulation of a very rich experience in rural work, "land system as the center, benefits to farmers," the benefits of agricultural policies embryonic shape. After the founding, after Mao Zedong Thought benefit farmers long-term exploration, since the Third Plenary Session, my Government has convened 61 times the Central Rural Work Conference, promulgated 12 Central Document No. 1, showing a more preferential agricultural policies and dense " loaded "situation, the policy of high rank, focused and driven clear, feasible, benefit wide areas, and the formation of a new era of socialist new countryside preferential agricultural policy system.This article Twelve reform and opening up the first document of the central rural issues as the research co-ordination policy interpretation to the philosophy of historical materialism as a guide, the benefits of agricultural policies of the government system for the value of the dynamic structural analysis and developed, less developed, less developed examples of regional differences in analysis. The value of dynamic structural analysis, including: industry and agriculture and rural incomes and agricultural production, material and spiritual civilization, the central leadership and the local system’s policy should be granted the right to re-active and conducive to the public for the benefit of the people, to facilitate structural analysis of the contents of the people . In the full value and on the basis of empirical analysis, this paper further determine the current policy of preferential agricultural policy effects suffered a serious impairment and the presence of policy is distorted by performance image of the one-sided abuse of the policy implementation of the difficulties and risks. Differentiation of that benefit farmers also face difficulties with the policy object in the policy making process involved in lack of initiative, the policy of the main elements of the weak policy management, lack of third-party monitoring mechanism and other reasons. Finally, the paper illustrates the benefits of agricultural policies in the process of building a new socialist countryside in the strategic and tactical value of creative thinking out of the New sound system of preferential agricultural policies of five major paths, one to cultivate elite, to guide public opinion, raise farmers from within policy initiative; Second, training of cadres, strict discipline, to the satisfaction of people’s livelihood of farmers to do practical work; third is a sound mechanism to standardize procedures, favorable policies to protect the system put in place; fourth is to strengthen the responsibility, and pragmatic convenience, quality services to enlarge effects of preferential agricultural policies; Fifth integration of resources, three-dimensional forward, creating preferential agricultural policies favorable social atmosphere.Article in the content structure in accordance with the theory with evidence, put forward ideas to address the issue of writing, divided into five parts to elaborate. The first part was "The Chinese government preferential agricultural policy analysis of the historical dimension" that is historical methodology, analysis of our government since the founding of preferential agricultural policy development and evolution. The second part, "New System of the Chinese government preferential agricultural policy, the dynamic structure of analysis" that is preferential agricultural policy reform and opening up the weight of the contents of the dynamic structure of the value and policy analysis. The third part is compared with the economic development benefits of regional differences in agricultural policies, and from the developed regions, less developed regions and underdeveloped regions to implement preferential agricultural policies examples to discuss the situation. The fourth part is the plight of empirical research policy analysis of specific benefits through the implementation of agricultural policies, identify the lack of preferential agricultural policies and its own problems in the implementation process and dialectical reason. The fifth part is the sublimation of part of the article, emphasizing the background of building a new socialist countryside, the creative thinking of a sound system of preferential agricultural policies in the new period of strategic path.

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CLC: > Political, legal > Workers, peasants,youth, women's movement and organization > Farmers' Movement and Organization > Chinese peasant movement and organization > Farmers work
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