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Efficiency Evaluation and Optimization Path of Agricultural Products Circulation System in China

Author: WangJiaXu
Tutor: WangDeZhang
School: Harbin University of Commerce
Course: Industrial Economics
Keywords: Agricultural Products Circulation System Efficiency Optimization
CLC: F326.6
Type: PhD thesis
Year: 2013
Downloads: 21
Quote: 0
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Abstract


Along with the further reform and opening in China, and the rapid and sustainable developments in the national economic construction, our country has gained the success attract worldwide attention by growing up to the second-largest economy and promoting the comprehensive national power fast. With the largest population in the world, the agricultural developments have played a significant role in both the economical developments and the social stability in China. Our government and people have been working on the modernized repositioning of the production and circulation of the agriculture for a long time. However, after the foundation of PRC. the agriculture has provided sufficient funds and resources to the developments of the national industry which resulted in the developments of the agriculture far behind the developments of the industry, since over attention on the industrialization of our country. Up till the reform and open policy and the promotion of the household contract responsibility system, the development of our agriculture has gained new opportunities. After years of developments, the shortage problem of the agricultural products has been solved step by step and instead the structural surplus problem has begun to emerge. The contradiction of the agricultural developments has gradually shifted from the production field to the circulation field. The contradictions of the relationship among the small production sizes, the huge market and big circulation have become the restriction of the agricultural developments and the increase of the income of the peasants. The current agricultural products circulation system cannot achieve efficient operation under the existing conditions. In recent years, our government had paid great attention on the optimization of the developments for the agricultural products circulation industry and the agricultural products circulation system. The new circulation technologies and innovation in the circulation patterns are believed to be the breakthrough for the optimization of the agricultural products circulation system."The construction planning of the national agricultural product market in the eleventh five-year plan issued in2006, has pointed out that the agricultural products circulation system was the bridge and tie between the production and consumption of the agricultural products, and a very important guarantee for the rapid and healthy developments of the national agriculture. As the comprehensive advancements of the new rural construction in our country, high efficient operational system, shortened circulation time and promoted circulation efficiency in the agricultural products circulation system have become the urgent problems to be solved of the agricultural development in China.A highly efficient agricultural products circulation system will guide the production and consumption of the agricultural products correctly, alleviate the contradiction between the small production scale and the big market of the agricultural products in our country, realize the valid information communication and launch an effective string between the production and consumption of the agricultural products. A highly efficient agricultural products circulation system will also make the proper distribution of the interests possible in the transactions of the agricultural products. In the agricultural products circulation system, the producers do not share the increased income corresponding with the rising agricultural product prices and the corresponding interests and benefits are shared in the layers of the agricultural products circulation system which will cause damages to the interests of the producers. However a highly efficient and modern agricultural products circulation system will lower the waste of the agricultural products by cutting the logistic layers and avoiding the speculations of the principal parts of the circulation. Therefore, the construction of a modern agricultural products circulation system will promote the transformation of the agricultural production methods and increase the benefits for both the producers and consumers of the agricultural products. An improved agricultural products circulation system will help guarantee the quality of the agricultural products due to the circulation time, while a highly efficient agricultural products circulation system will save circulation time by cutting the layers in the system, strengthen the monitor and control over the agricultural products circulation caused by the long circulation How, by reducing the links in the circulation flow, so that the quality of the agricultural products can be tracked and guaranteed. So the optimization of the agricultural products circulation system is of significant importance to our country.This dissertation discovers the direction to optimize the agricultural products circulation system in China, through the summarization and reviews on the research outcome of the agricultural products circulation in the related fields and overviews of the related theories in both domestic and overseas, which provides theoretical supports to the analysis in the dissertation. Based on the above mentioned points, the circulation evolution of agricultural products in China is reviewed and the construction of the agricultural products circulation system and the successful experiences in optimization both at home and abroad are introduce. The current status and the existing problems in the agricultural products circulation system in our country are explored, including the principal part, objects, environments, carriers, patterns and other aspects of circulation. DEA method and Malmquist index method are applied to evaluate the efficiency of the agricultural products circulation system in China and the results of the empirical analysis show that the overall efficiency in China is not high, but the efficiency in the eastern and middle part of China is better than that in the west due to the technical factors and the managerial styles. By applying the panel data regression analysis on the influential factors in the agricultural products circulation system, the influential factors such as the Informatization level and the governmental investment are proved to have major impacts on the agricultural products circulation system in China. Based on the above analysis, relevant proposals and strategies have been put forward and the breakthrough points to optimize the agricultural products circulation system should be proceeded from the aspects including the expansion of the agricultural professional cooperatives and the development of the cold chain logistics.

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CLC: > Economic > Agricultural economy > China 's agricultural economy > Agricultural sector economy > Producer services in rural areas
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