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Research on China’s Forest Product Exports from the Perspective of Green Trade Barriers

Author: ZhuJiangMei
Tutor: CaoYuKun
School: Northeast Forestry University
Course: Forestry Economics and Management
Keywords: Green trade barriers Forest product exports Formation mechanism Influencefactors Strategy
CLC: F752.02
Type: PhD thesis
Year: 2012
Downloads: 1100
Quote: 2
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Abstract


Since the tariff barriers and traditional non-tariff barriers have become weaker, the green trade barriers are becoming increasingly popular in the field of international trade. With the growing role and influence, it exerts a far-reaching impact on the world economy and international trade. As one of the production and trade powers in forest products, China’s forest product exports is severely constrained from development by the green trade barriers which have become the major impediment to china’s exports of forest products. Therefore, the research on forest products green trade barriers from theory to demonstration aiming to grasp its development trend, has important theoretical and practical significance for stimulating healthy development of china’s exports of forest product, capturing international market share, sharing the global resources, and promoting forestry industrial structure upgrade and optimum distribution of resources, in order to improve the international competitiveness of China’s forestry enterprises.Based on a thorough review of relevant research results of green trade barriers at home and abroad, first, the paper defines the connotation and essence of green trade barriers, and indicates that green trade barriers serves the double purpose, playing a role in correction of market failures and elimination of the negative externality of international trade on the one hand, and providing economic protection for their domestic market and the industry for some developed countries who set up green trade barriers to restrict the entry of competitive products abroad on the grounds for achieving social public purpose on the other hand. Based on the analysis of the manifestation of the green trade barriers, the paper summarizes the characteristics of flexibility and hidden nature which makes it become an important tool for developed countries to provide trade protection.Second, the paper makes a thorough analysis on the inherent mechanism of green trade barriers with institutional economics and game theory, and reveals the gradually strenghen the reasons for the formation of green trade barriers. The results indicate that the formation of green trade barriers is based on the correction of market failure and unbalanced economic and technological development in various countries. At the same time, the essence of setting up green trade barriers by a country and to what extent it is established is the objective results of playing games between governments in various countries, so that developed countries have the initiative of setting up green trade barriers to developing countries. Meanwhile, the paper reveals the quantity control mechanism of green trade barriers, price control mechanism and dynamic inhibition mechanism, and explores systematically the economic effect of green trade barriers. On the basis of theoretical assumptions, the paper analyzes the economic impact of green trade barriers on importing country with a partial equilibrium analytical method. The research points out that green trade barriers have a major impact on production and consumption of the importing country, and determines whether implementation of the green trade barriers is a kind of Pareto improvement for the importing countries based on the changes in social welfare. Under the conditions of exporting country, the paper analyzes the trade effects of green trade barriers, the effect of terms of trade and social welfare effects.Third, the paper investigates the status of China’s forest product exports encountering green trade barriers, analyzes main constrained forest products and major countries on the implementation of green trade barriers in china. It points out that the main forms of green trade barriers affecting forest product trade in China are strict green technology standards, stringent sanitary and phytosanitary measures, various forms of certification system. It states the development trend of green trade barriers and points out which has become the main direction of the development of technical barriers to trade. Through the game analysis, it makes an analysis on the underlying causes of green trade barriers constraint for China’s forest product exports from an international and domestic side. It reveals that international trade protectionism, domino effect of green trade barriers in the implementation process, checks and balances of green trade barriers in deficit are the the main reasons for forest products exports obstructed. It reveals theoretically the impact of the green trade barriers on forest product exports in China. With the extended gravitational model, it quantitatively analyzes the impact of European Union’s green trade barriers on China’s wooden furniture exports. The research results demonstrates the green trade barrier implemented by the EU exerts a significant negative impact on wooden furniture exports of our country. The more stringent standards of green technology, the greater impediment of China’s wooden furniture exports, so the implementation of the national standards contributes to enhancing the international competitiveness of furniture industry in China. Raising the level of China’s economic development, the exports of wooden furniture are increased.With the growth of per capita income of the importing countries of the EU’s main wooden furniture, consumers increased demand for wooden furniture line with the EU’s green technology standards. The population growth of the EU main furniture importing countries is an important factor for China’s wooden furniture exports.Finally, the paper respectively proposes the strategies to green trade barriers for the government, industry associations and enterprises from the macro, middle and micro perspectives, in order to provide theoretical support for the government and competent industrial authorities when creating policies.

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CLC: > Economic > Trade and Economic > States foreign trade > China's foreign trade > Principle of policy and its elaborate > Trade protection
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