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Research on Xu Fuguan's Intellect Though

Author: LiuYang
Tutor: LuWenZuo
School: Hubei University
Course: Modern Chinese History
Keywords: Xu Fuguan Intellectual New Confucianism Democracy
CLC: B261
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2013
Downloads: 13
Quote: 0
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Abstract


Xu Fuguan was born in1902in a family of farmer in Hubei Province (China). He is a leading member of New Confucianism, a philosophical movement initiated by Xu’s teacher and friend, Xiong Shili. Other important members of the New Confucian Movement include Xu’s two friends and professorial colleagues who also studied with Xiong Shili:Mou Zongsan and Tang Junyi.Xu has wrote about3million letters which including so many aspects such as the history of thought, politiced comments,philosophy,arts and education. He is one of the modern significant propagandists of the New-Confucianists. Comparing to his contemporary, the most notable character of Xu is he explained the idea of democracy from the traditional Confucianism:the consciousness of personal dignity. And he regarded it as the starting point of solving political problem, as well as cultural problem in china.Based on the review of Xu Fuguan’s works on intellects, the present paper discusses Xu Fuguan’s thoughts of intellects under the background of Chinese culture and political system, aiming to find out methods of solving the deadlock of intellects’ spirit. The present paper consists of five parts. The first part expounds on Xu’s life, study and the role that his thought of intellects plays in his academic system. The second parts analyzes the reasons of Chinese culture and intellects’ spirit. Xu holds that Chinese culture plays a vital part in influencing the forming of Chinese intellects’ spirit. At the same time, as the carrier of culture, intellects remold Chinese culture. They interact with each other.The third part analyzes the reasons for the forming and development of the deadlock of intellects’ spirit, among which the imperial examination system plays a vital role. Xu analyzes the disadvantages of the imperial examination system and points out that the history of the imperial examination system is the history of degeneration of intellects. The fouth part elaborates Xu’s thoughts about the relationship between intellects and art. Xu believes that art is not only a major support of human culture but also implies philosophy and personality. In history, the destiny of art is closely associated with that of intellects. But under an autocratic system, artistic works is unfortunate and marginalized for a long time. After the abolishment of imperial examination system, artistic works descend to an open sesame of intellects.The last part is an evaluation of the idea of intellect’s new mission put forward by Xu Fuguan. What’s more, it exams Xu with the thought of intellects brought by him as the foundation.

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CLC: > Philosophy, religion > Chinese Philosophy > Modern Philosophy ( 1919 ~) > The philosophy of the twentieth century
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