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Research on South Korea's Reconciliation Unity Cooperation Policy after the Cold War

Author: ZhouHuiChao
Tutor: WeiHong
School: Central China Normal University
Course: International political
Keywords: after the cold war South Korea unified policy reconciliation cooperation
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Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2014
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Abstract


When the Korean peninsula was divided into two parts after the second world war, the two parts of the Korean peninsula have been working hard to achieve national unity. During the cold war, due to the international pattern, the Korean peninsula was the competition key-battleground between the United States and the Soviet union. So, force and absorption unification was the main way for South Korea to achieve national unity.After the cold war, as the international situation become more and more easing, peace and development are the mainstream of the modem times, and the force competition is inappropriate. Due to South Korea’s comprehensive national strength has been greatly improved, so South Korea began to pursue the unification of the reconciliation cooperation policy."Through dialogue to promote reconciliation, and through economic exchanges to promote bilateral cooperation." However, due to the Korean peninsula’s unique geographical location and strategic value, the Korean peninsula is still the interests target for surrounding power converge and scrambling after the cold war. As the surrounding powers adjust the policy to the Korean peninsula, there are promote and hinder factors co-exist for South Korea’s unification policy. So the south Korean government should constantly supplement and perfect the settlement unity cooperation policy. At the same time, on the basis of grasping the favorable international situation, the South Korean government should adjust its policy’s principle opportunely, and eventually achieve the Korean Peninsula reunification in a peaceful manner.This paper is divided into five parts. The first chapter through the perspective of history, expound Kim Dae-Jung, Roh Moo-hyun, Lee Myung-bak and Park Geun-hye four presidents’ reconciliation and cooperation unified policy specifically, and on this basis try to find every president’s inheritance and development toward reconciliation and cooperation unified policy. The second chapter mainly analyze the favorable factors of promoting Korean reconciliation and cooperation uniform policy ongoing. This paper argues that the Korean unique factors and North Korea change its foreign police, as well as the surrounding complex toward the interests of the great powers of the Korean peninsula formed their own mutual restraint relations after the Cold War, all of those favorable factors promote reconciliation and cooperation ongoing. The third chapter mainly analyze the hindering factors towards restricting Korean reconciliation and cooperation uniform policy ongoing. This paper argues that although the parts of Korean Peninsula are all committed to achieving national unity, due to their differences in social systems and ideologies, there are a lots of contradictions and differences on unified program. In addition, South Korea’s foreign policy constrained by the United States to a certain extent, North Korean nuclear crisis shows that South Korea caught in diplomatic difficulties between the U.S. and North Korea. And Korean nuclear issue is the primary problem for South Korea to salve before achieving national unity. So, achieving reunification is still a long process. Based on those analysis, the fourth chapter predict the trends of Korean reconciliation and cooperation policy in the future. And the last chapter is conclusion. In this part, author who standing height of Marxism, generalize how to improve Korean reconciliation and cooperation policy in the future in perspective of development.

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