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The Comparative Study and Revelation of Sino-US National Innovation System

Author: ZhangRui
Tutor: HuangTao
School: Wuhan University of Science and Technology
Course: Philosophy of Science and Technology
Keywords: Innovation System Governments Enterprises Scientific research institutions Colleges and universities
CLC: G321
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2013
Downloads: 123
Quote: 0
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The study of National Innovation System began in the1840s. The concept of NationalInnovation System was introduced into China in the1990s. World Science Report, first publishedby UNESCO in1994, pointed out that the gap between developed and developing countries, infact, is the "technology gap","knowledge gap". In order to meet new challenges, countries havegradually turned their attentions to their scientific and technological innovation, tying toestablish and improve their National Innovation System. In order to narrow the gap with thedeveloped countries, it is necessary for developing countries to narrow the technology gap andknowledge gap, which requires good technological innovation and the space for knowledgeeconomy development. In other words, they need the support of well-developed NationalInnovation System. The United States, as the world’s largest economies superpower, in itsprocess of building the innovation system, there are many distinctive features and experienceshould be learned from. The comparative study of the Sino-US National Innovation System ishelpful in deepening our understanding of the necessity and importance of National InnovationSystem.Firstly, the introduction part presents the significance of the topic, the research status andresearch methods at home and abroad, and innovations of this essay. Then, this essay putsforward the concept of National Innovation System and elaborates the type of NationalInnovation System, the basic composition and characteristics of it. The following part is thecomparative study of the Sino-US national innovation system. On one hand, it describes thestatus and characteristics of U.S. National Innovation System from governments, universities,research institutions, enterprises and intermediary organizations. On the other hand, it analysesthe status and problems of China’s National Innovation System. Through the comparison of theSino-US National Innovation System, the conclusion can be drawn that our National InnovationSystem needs to be improved. The last part is the inspiration of the comparison. We should learnfrom each other, and put forward the suggestions for improving China’s National InnovationSystem from the aspects of government, enterprises, and colleges.

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