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Research on the Problems of New Rural Cooperative Medical Service in Yongji County Jilin Province

Author: KongQiao
Tutor: ShenWanGen
School: Yanbian University
Course: Marxist Theory and Ideological and Political Education
Keywords: Yongji County the new type of rural cooperative medical service system present state and existing problems countermeasures and suggestions
CLC: R197.1
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2009
Downloads: 51
Quote: 0
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Abstract


With the deepening of economic reforms, the development of rural cooperative medical service means a lot to the ensuring of the rural residents’ health condition, the narrowing of the gap between urban and rural residents’ health condition, the advancing of the rural development and the new rural communities construction and then the building of a well-off society in an all-round way. Entering the 21st century, for the reason of the urgent demand of medical security for the rural residents, it becomes an increasingly hot focus of governments at all levels and various circles of society to establish such a system, so the central government has been promoting the implementation of a new type of rural cooperative medical care system and making some new exploration.Unlike the rural traditional cooperative medical system, the new system is actually a rural mutual medical aid system which is organized, guided and advocated by government and all rural residents who participate into it are volunteers. The system, which mainly covers major illnesses, is financially supported by governments at all levels, residents themselves and communities, and the main problem it solves is "driving into or backing into poverty by medical crises" . It’ s a complicated social project to set up a new rural cooperative medical service system, the establishing of which is infected by a great number of factors, so it’ s full of hardship in the implementation process. For the establishment and perfection of the new type of rural cooperative medical service system, it becomes very necessary for us to do research on how to solve the problems showed in the implementation process of the new system.As a agricultural province, Jilin Province has a large rural population, so the health level of the residents living in rural areas and quality of the workforce directly influence the process that we overcome poverty and achieve prosperity for striving for a relatively comfortable life, and build a New Socialist Countryside. As one county in the fourth group which implements the new type of rural cooperative medical service in Jilin Province, it has been made great achievement in carrying out the pilot projects in Yongji County since 2006. In the process of doing research, some tools are used such as the dialectical and historical analytic approach and the outlook of widespread connection, everlasting evolution, all-rounded and mutual oppositional characteristics of matters. Through on-spot investigation and theoretical analyses, the paper, which bases on the investigation on the present state of the implementation of the new type of rural cooperative medical system, analyzed the problem existing in the process of the implementation of the new system in the county, such as hard fundraising; the poor service offered by primary medical institutes in rural areas; low co-participation ratio, imperfectness of the primary medical institutes’ administrative supervision; lengthiness of the reimbursement cycle of hospitalization costs and the stuff like that. By borrowing ideas and analyzing the advanced experience from the other countries, a few countermeasures and suggestions are put forward for perfecting the new type of rural cooperative medical service system, to achieve this goal, we should establish a solid fundraising system, invest more on primary medical institutes, enhance the publicity work, robust oversight mechanism, set up single-stop reimbursement service and so on.The strong operability is the main characteristics of this paper’ s research findings which well targets the better implementation of the new type of rural cooperative medical service system in the other parts of the country where are at the similar level of economic development. In a word, it is of great significance to guide our practical work nowadays.

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CLC: > Medicine, health > Preventive Medicine,Health > Health care organizations and career ( Health Management ) > Health care systems and institutions > Health care system
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