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Contracted Land Management Rights Transfer Studies

Author: ChenHongXia
Tutor: CaoBo
School: Suzhou University
Course: Legal
Keywords: The right to operate the rural land contract Flow problem Research
CLC: F321.1
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2009
Downloads: 227
Quote: 0
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Abstract


Land is an important carrier of mankind’s survival. On its natural attributes, the earth has a limited nature and permanent; in terms of its social properties, land and property has the exclusive nature. Rational land system, the big point of view, to stabilize the society and promote national economic development; small side, you can play a positive social wealth created by mankind, making this important means of land to play the greatest benefits. Since the household contract responsibility system since its implementation, which combines unified and separate operations of family-based double-layer management system, which greatly impact on the previous land ownership structure, and the farmers to master the right to operate the land, by virtue of their possession of the land the right to operate the use of land resources and the rural economy has seen an unprecedented momentum of development. However, this by administrative means, namely, collective way by population sharing the land, ignoring the market mechanism in the agricultural land resource allocation role. With the establishment of market economy system and socio-economic development, its drawbacks increasingly exposed. This is reflected in: First, land use is unreasonable phenomenon occurs Abandoned farmland, a large number of "four barren" land is not being fully utilized; inadequate investment in some places, farmers carry out predatory business, leading to decline in soil quality, ecological environment has been destroyed; 2 is the household contract responsibility system, under the "Equal-field system" so that the land has played a social security function, but also so that the farmers are very much attached to the land, many farmers have even engaged in secondary and tertiary industries to obtain revenue to meet the higher needs, and are also reluctant to give up land management. Thus, improve the existing rural land contracting and management rights transfer system has been very noticeable the urgent and necessary. In practice, the current reality of the situation in rural areas has also contracted land management right transfer market, the formation and development of space, China’s vast rural areas have existed for a large number of contracted land management rights transfer phenomenon, many local governments are also promoting the land contract management rights transfer the work carried out a number of active exploration, allowing the land to farming and agricultural enterprises large concentration of land appropriate scale to meet the needs. However, due to land contractual management rights transfer the legal system is flawed and lagging rural social security system and many other factors, China’s land contractual management rights transfer still faces many obstacles. Therefore, how to land contractual management rights transfer toward healthy and orderly development, establish a truly "voluntary, according to the law, compensation" land contractual management rights transfer mechanism is an urgent need to address the problem.

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CLC: > Economic > Agricultural economy > China 's agricultural economy > Rural economic structure and institutional > Land issues
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