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Research on Perceived Similarity Affecting Empathy and Altruistic Behavior for High School Students

Author: RongXing
Tutor: LiWeiJian
School: Zhejiang Normal University
Course: Applied Psychology
Keywords: Empathic accuracy Emotional expressivity Relationships Empathy
CLC: B842.6
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2010
Downloads: 401
Quote: 2
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Abstract


Empathic accuracy refers to the interaction of one party against the other thoughts and feelings accurately infer the degree. Previous studies using video playback way to study factors influence the accuracy of empathy, and that instant contextual information and relationships can affect the information on the creation of situations to influence empathic accuracy. Previous researchers to investigate the accuracy of real-time contextual information and common love relationship, we found high expression of individual emotion in the exchange process will show more verbal and non-verbal information, which can enhance his understanding of others. While some researchers to investigate the accuracy of interpersonal relationships and common situation, we found that the accuracy of empathy between friends than between strangers empathic accuracy and quality of interpersonal relationships between friends can empathy Accuracy impact. Therefore, this paper revolves around emotional expression and interpersonal conducted two studies aimed at the exchange of information from the perspective of factors influence the accuracy of empathy as well as the relationship between these factors. In Study 1, participants were instructed by the guidance language to discuss a specific topic, and explore the use of video equipment to record the process, as research material. After the subjects discussed, watch videos and exchange thoughts and feelings objects be inferred, and the inference results are recorded in the table. Invite five psychology graduate students trained subjects recorded content is encoded as empathic accuracy scores. The research hypothesis unfamiliar observer emotional expression level of empathic accuracy of the individual there are significant differences. However, this assumption is supported by the results have not been studied. In order to further reveal the emotional expression of the relationship between the accuracy and common situation, taking into account the accuracy of interpersonal influence on empathy, study two video playback style and through experimental operation, study on emotional expression and interpersonal empathy accuracy affected. The results show that emotional expression and interpersonal aspects that affect the accuracy of empathy there was an interaction. Direct communication contexts empathic accuracy higher than observed exchange contexts empathic accuracy. Through the discussion of the findings, the study concluded that interpersonal and emotional expressivity can work together to have an impact on the accuracy of the situation, noting that common knowledge among friends instant contextual information can provide an effective complement, resulting in between them empathic accuracy than the accuracy of empathy between strangers.

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