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The Role of Trait Anxiety and Attentional Bias on the Decision-making of Students of A Military School

Author: ZhangYuePing
Tutor: ZhuXia
School: Fourth Military Medical University
Course: Applied Psychology
Keywords: Trait Anxiety Attentional bias Emotional Stroop paradigm Iowa Gambling Task Policy decision
CLC: E251.3
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2010
Downloads: 109
Quote: 0
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Abstract


In recent years, the impact of emotions on the decision-making more and more people's attention. Anxiety is the most common emotional response in the context of stress in our daily lives and in the decision-making will inevitably feel anxious, anxiety influence decisions phenomenon has highlighted the universality and practical significance, research in the field of decision-making hot spots. Purpose of cadets as a national military academies and training of military personnel, in the future national defense construction plays an important role. Thus, this study as the research object to military school students to explore the cadets' level of trait anxiety and attentional bias on decision-making behavior, designed to provide a theoretical basis and practical reference for the improvement of the quality of decision-making. Methods A questionnaire and experiment, explore trait anxiety and attentional bias on decision-making behavior. Experiment, the use of the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory trait anxiety part of a military school freshman filter, based on trait anxiety score, the highest score in 27% of 30 to as high trait anxiety group score in the lowest 27% of the 30 as low trait anxiety group. The Emotional Stroop experimental paradigm trait anxiety score high and low trait anxiety packet attentional bias characteristics for analysis. Select experimental and experimental same object of study, the use of the Iowa Gambling Task, low group decision-making of high trait anxiety grouping and trait anxiety scores were analyzed and compared, and trait anxiety attentional bias and decision-making achievements of individual analysis. 1 trait anxiety score high on the threat word Stroop interference effect was significantly greater than the low trait anxiety grouping. Significant interaction between trait anxiety and gender in risk decisions. Male trait anxiety high group decision-making trait anxiety scores were significantly lower than low group, there was no significant difference in the female trait anxiety score high and low group decision-making performance. High trait anxiety grouping women in decision-making performed significantly better than men, and there was no significant difference in low trait anxiety group decision-making achievements of different gender. Attentional bias and decision-making performance was not significantly correlated. Conclusion 1. High trait anxiety individuals compared to low trait anxiety individuals presence of attentional bias for threat information. Trait anxiety and gender influence on the risk decision. For men, high and low trait anxiety individual decisions there are significant differences, there was no significant difference in the individual decision-making for women, high and low trait anxiety. High trait anxiety level of gender there are significant differences in risk decision-making, and the low level of trait anxiety gender there was no significant difference in risk decisions.

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CLC: > Military > China's military > National defense construction and Readiness > Military education,military training > Military academies, colleges training
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