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Life Science and Humanityin Ethical Perspective

Author: KangZuo
Tutor: XueYongMin
School: Shanxi University
Course: Ethics
Keywords: Life science System of humanity Law of humanity
CLC: B82-05
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2011
Downloads: 11
Quote: 0
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Abstract


This article begins with the using the integrity on the ethics level and Humanistic way of thinking, the paper discusses and demonstrates, which is contrary to humanity ethics and even laws. While if seen from thinking in complexity, life science sets a stage for a whole grasp of humanity, enhancement of human values. Also, this paper analyzes the dialectic relations between life science and humanity and tries to prove the fact that technology is man’s not for the sake of rationality. Pure technical rationality is nothing but betrayal of humanity. Currently, the embarrassed condition of human beings has roots in both humanity and science-technology. Then, the paper respectively discusses these points. Seen from natural point, technology, as the intermediary between human and nature, has exerted influence on the mankind’s body, mind as well as their inter-relation with the external nature; in the eyes of sociality, a social institution as it is, science-technology is conducive to the change of social relation but still incompetent to solve the increasingly complex social problems during globalization; in the consciousness level, as the product of logical rationality, technology could become perfect gradually only if value rationality is accepted; seen from the individuality, technology is the result of seeking similarity while hiding individuality thus it poses a sharp contradiction with individuality. In the level of the value, only it realize human values and personality goal, does technology possesses the inner legitimacy. In the light of the space for improvement, people’s reasonable demands motivate the science and technology thus the healthy development of human nature.The dialectic relations between life science and humanity are discussed from dynamic relation, value relation and statute relation. Reasonable demands motivate the humanization of life science which is conducive to the improvement of human realm, while humanity alienation cause life science’s alienation and eventually eliminates humanity. Gene life science shouldn’t merely depend on technological logic to transform human nature but the aim is expected to be the improvement of human capability to coordinate their relation with nature. Restricted by science and technology, people have to abide by the objective physical property and humanity laws; object, means, direction and goal of technology are restricted by humanity. Technology’s deconstruction of the nature, combined with the interests of privately-owned groups, makes the benefits belong to a small number of people while evil consequence endured by the whole body of mankind. Humanly life science and humanistic civilization discuss the definitions of physical technology and material-centric civilization, their historical significance and the realistic dilemma. Also, it deals with the principle of unification of humanism with naturalism, advocating the abidance of nature’s overall rules and making people’s body-mind relation, harmonious relation between human and nature and the improvement of levels the ultimate goal of life science development.When the paper goes to its conclusion, it explains that the only choice for people to get out of trouble is to steer the life science development with the "self-knowledge" and "clarification" humanity, from the physical life science to humanly science and material-centric civilization to humanistic civilization.

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CLC: > Philosophy, religion > Ethics ( moral philosophy ) > Ethical theory and methodology > Ethics and science
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