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Analysis of the Factors Affecting Income Gap in China

Author: ZhangZhiJie
Tutor: LiangZuo
School: Nanjing University
Course: International trade
Keywords: Income gap East Asian economies Gini coefficient Johansen co-integration test VEC model Principal component analysis
CLC: F124.7
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2011
Downloads: 426
Quote: 0
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Abstract


Since the reform and opening up, the domestic debate on giving priority to efficiency or fair priority has not been possible to arrive at a final conclusion, it seems that the efficiency and fairness has always been contradictions on both sides of the fish and bear's paw can not have both, but in East Asia where we are, but a \. It is inspired by the \And then through the theory and literature review these general factors, both from the theoretical and empirical research, made a number of residents affected income distribution gap hypothesis. In the empirical part, control the factors that may affect the income gap, the paper selects the GDP, the eleven indicators of dependence on foreign trade, industrial structure, ownership structure, industry differences, urban-rural divide, the degree of financial development, financial and taxation and education, 1978 to 2009 data for the past three decades the factors that affect the Income Gap in China to do the analysis. In the method, the first principal component analysis using multiple regression from eleven variable filter out the actual impact of income distribution in the three main factors: market and economic factors, the Government plans factors and tax factors; built and then over the years the Gini coefficient a VAR model with four endogenous variables, the use of Johansen-Juselius cointegration test to observe a long-term relationship between these variables, and the establishment of the VEC model for short-term analysis, Granger causality test and impulse response analysis, draw some illuminating conclusions. The study found that: In the long term, market-economic factors and government programs factors are affecting the main factors of our residents income gap; government policymakers interested in the short term, the gap in income distribution have a greater impact. In addition, by restoring the variable Further analysis found that there are many ways you can narrow the income gap in the market and plans. Finally, empirical results has been made in line with the interpretation of the actual situation in China, given their policy recommendations.

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CLC: > Economic > The world economic profiles,economic history,economic geography > China's economy > Economic construction and development > National income, national wealth
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