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Intergovernmental fiscal transfer payment

Author: WangGuiZhi
Tutor: MaLiNa
School: China University of Political Science
Course: Political Economics
Keywords: The financial transfer payment Factor method Equalization of public services
CLC: F812.45
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2008
Downloads: 214
Quote: 2
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Abstract


Intergovernmental fiscal transfers has long been a focus of attention of the theory and practice. The tax system in China, mainly to solve the fiscal imbalances in the intergovernmental transfer payments to achieve the control objectives of the central government. In this paper, the specification and empirical discourse on inter-governmental transfer payments, gradually progressive, focused discussion of transfer payments accounting methods and related factors. The purpose is to summarize the classical theory in the West and learn from the successful experience of developed countries on the basis of China's national conditions, analysis of existing problems and improve our transfer payments made to reflect further on the proposed design. The paper is divided into five parts. The first chapter introduction, the reasons for choosing the topic, purposive, describes the transfer of payment to the general theory and theory reviewed to form the overall framework of the transfer payments. Chapter II study several models of transfer payments and its economic effects, the central government to design different ways according to different target combinations. Selected in the third chapter Japan, Germany and the United States as the representative to introduce the developed countries transfer payments to the practical experience, focusing on countries in consideration for the calculation method and influencing factors. The fourth chapter analyzes China's intergovernmental fiscal transfer payment status quo, the use of a large number of informative, the latest data, the conclusion is the scale of transfer payments has expanded each year, the structure is becoming more reasonable. Vertical equilibrium effects, the role of weak equalization. Chapter a detailed analysis of a variety of payment problems, drawing on theory and experience of developed countries, to think, three main objectives put forward a sound, scientific and standardized design of transfer payment programs. Factor method of accounting related projects, including consideration of the province following the general transfer payment programs and special transfer payment program, while a special subsidy for the supplement. Finally, it should establish supporting measures, such as a clear division of property rights powers of government at all levels as a system to protect. Among them, the first three parts designed for the following analysis of our practice to prepare the ground, the economic effects of different modes of theory, practice and experience are applied to the final analysis. Two chapters of the article the main innovations include two aspects: First, using the latest data, analysis of the transfer payments to the status quo, to conclude; use factors in the accounting of income and expenditure to increase closer to reality factors, and make explained that strive to make more scientific, standardized accounting methods.

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CLC: > Economic > Fiscal, monetary > Finance, the state's financial > China's financial > Financial income and expenditure > Expenditure
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