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The Monetary Problem in Society of the Ming Dynasty and the Monetary Ideology of Huangzongxi

Author: YangXinZuo
Tutor: LiuHengWu
School: Ningbo University
Course: Specialized History
Keywords: Ming Dynasty Currency issues Huang Zongxi Thought of currency
CLC: F092
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2011
Downloads: 66
Quote: 0
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Abstract


Ming Dynasty, the Ming government tendencies by encouraging currency paper money, gold, silver and other high efficient regulation of the country's economic resources, the casting of coins issued and outstanding management initiatives loss, monetary policy has long exist numerous problems. Huang Zongxi Ming and Qing famous thinker, had the Ming Dynasty monetary problems and their causes, he launched a comprehensive system of analysis, and on this basis to build its ideal coins based monetary system Kaneyuki banknotes. Despite his monetary theory there are some extreme places, but these remarks also has a profound reality root cause is not completely divorced from reality, and thus guide the analysis and expand research value As for his role about Ming Dynasty money method block does not work as well as banknotes and prevailing principle arguments, although the text is not much, but the system is the degree of excellent, have outline button collar significance, even in the integrity of the present and its analysis of the reason for these problems is also a leader, and has a strong research value. Huang Zongxi advocated the abolition of the gold and silver currency status, is based on \The government raised taxes fold since the early Ming Jih Sun banknotes policy collapse, social superstition precious wind when silver greatly enhance the status of the silver in the invisible, but loss of life, very little contact with the large currency underlying interests of the people In considering, coupled with currency exchange system, the system of tax administration and silver circulation formal defect makes the socio-economic not function properly, well-off businessmen saw the opportunity to a large number of hoarding silver, finally resulting in a the Baiyin Qi lack of circulation \On the other hand, after the tax collections of silver, the farmers went bankrupt, while the the Government cornerer taxes, local taxes can not pay, the growing distress finances. Some scholars believe that the late Ming Mine silver mining and the inflow of foreign silver can solve the \While the latter is a huge amount, but it can not affect the flow direction of the silver, large amounts of silver in the inflow or dealers in hoarding, can not play a significant effect to alleviate the shortage of \For money method block phenomenon, xi cherish the copper love working \The six major reasons involving casting, the form of management and use of the coins, and solve these problems, and build their own ideal coins standard monetary system. This system established, xi and not forget the market need for large currency, it examines the Chronicles banknotes successful policy experience, will be obliged to deliver to the bill, but also to prevent the occurrence of the phenomenon of hoarding, this vision similar to the modern monetary system in advance. In summary, Huang Zongxi currency ideas proceed from the practical problems of the Ming Dynasty social considerations, with considerable reality, its strong systematic analysis of the cause of the problem, its research as the key link, contribute to an overall insight into the change process and its socio-economic causes of the Ming Dynasty, monetary and financial, has considerable academic significance.

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