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The Research on the System Defect and System Innovation of Higher Educational Investment in China

Author: ZhouHuiJuan
Tutor: MaJiaHong
School: Guangxi Normal University
Course: Educational Economy and Management
Keywords: Higher Educational Investment Theoretical Analysis System Defect the Origin Seeking System Innovation
CLC: G649.2
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2004
Downloads: 682
Quote: 4
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Abstract


A rational and effective system of higher educational investment is the key whether the universities can get sufficient funds, and it is also the fundamental ensure that higher education operates efficiently and develops healthfully. Faced the facts that there are large distance between the supply and demand and the existence of lack and consuming of the funds, I analyzed the system defect existed in our country’s higher educational investment and the origin of the defect by the ways, for example, going over the literatures, analyzing the nature of things, analyzing the bates of things and so on. At last, I studied the fundamental strategies that can solve the system defects.Higher educational investment system is a responsibility and right relationship on the finance distribution composed by the government, society, student individual and family and the higher education organization and its organizational operation, including two parts: investment subject and investment operating mechanism, during the developing process of the higher education service. It is reasonable in theory that the higher educational investment was undertaken by the government, the society, the student individual and the family through analyzing “The theory of Public Products”, “The Theory of Human Capital” and “The Theory of Cost Sharing”, which have established the theoretical foundation for the implementation of the pluralistic higher educational investment system. Higher education raises the developing funds needed through three ways including the mechanism of government’s financial allocations, tuition fee system and social investment running a school, donation and cooperation between company and school from government, student individual, family, society, and etc. to obtain it’s own development.Higher educational investment system, mainly on national financial allocation, and the other channels of raising the investment funds, was confirmed in China in the form of law, but in fact, the reasonable pluralistic higher education investment system, which channels unblocked, perfect mechanism and the benefit, right and responsibility distribution clear between the investment subject and the investment subject, has not established in China. At present, there also exist system defects in higher educational investment in China, such as the shortage of the financial funds, financial allocations mechanism lagging behind; the tuition fee level gone beyond the payment ability of the most residents, the unperfected subsidy system for the student, single channel of the non-governmental university’s funds source, scale of the social <WP=5>donations unformed, donation mechanism lacking standardization and institutionalization, unreasonable distribution and the lower utilizing efficiency of the resource in the higher education institutions in China.There must be a deep origination behind the system defects. Because of the whole society still being in a period of transition in China, the passivity brought from the transition status is influencing the investment field of the higher education from different respects, and also forms the system defects in the process of higher education investment directly. The reasons that caused the system of the higher educational investment include: the phenomenon of "government does not work " existing, law construction lagging behind, the insufficient participation of the market, the non-standardization of the operation mechanism of higher education, etc, which are closely related to the characteristics of the society transition period in China.In order to provide sufficient funds for the higher education, about the system defects existed in the higher educational investment, it should take the measures in many aspects to perfect the structure of the existing higher education investment, such as establishing and amplifying the investment mechanism of raising funds for higher education through many channels on the basis of increasing financial allocations; implementing the financial allocations mechanism

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