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The Research of the Twist and Turns Development of Chongqing Iron and Steel Industry During the Anti-japanese War

Author: ZhaoYong
Tutor: ShenYi
School: Beijing Technology and Business University
Course: Specialized History
Keywords: Anti-Japanese War Factory Inland Chongqing Iron \u0026 Steel Industry Development Chongqing Iron \u0026 Steel Industry fading
CLC: K265
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2010
Downloads: 26
Quote: 0
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Abstract


The steel industry is an important symbol of the modern measure of a country or region. In modern history, Chongqing used to be the Anti-Japanese War the rear area industrial center and the largest steel production base. Chongqing During the use of the War of Resistance Against Japan's huge war market, grasp the opportunity to move into the eastern industrial state intervention under the guidance of the corporate restructuring of the steel industry successfully optimized the internal structure of industry, reasonably configured resources, coordination of industrial relations, so that the iron and steel industry to prosperity. Chongqing Iron \u0026 Steel prosperity, strongly support the rear of the Anti-Japanese War industrial construction needs of, it is particularly important to provide adequate raw materials for military manufacturing, Chongqing became a rear base for the Chinese War of Resistance Against Japan's largest arms supplier base, her development, stronger support for the war, a complete victory for China to win the first war against aggression, to provide a solid material security. But later, due to the market of war subsided, the inherent the industry internal contradictions, social unrest, the once prosperous Chongqing Iron \u0026 Steel Industry can only be short-lived, and rapid decline of Chongqing's status as an economic center of gravity of the southwest constantly The decline in the industrial hub also greatly shaken; economy is gradually moving towards the deterioration of workers, the decline of public life and social disorder; decline in the prestige of the government exacerbated the crisis of governance of the National Government. In this paper, the process of its move into, reorganization, prosperity, decline using a large amount of historical information and data, and the use of quantitative analysis methods, and conducted in-depth discussion, summed up the lessons of its eight years of tortuous development, so as to arrive: the market is the lifeblood of the industry, the cultivation of a strong market need a balanced growth of the economy to nurture the needs of war can only bring the deformity economic growth and short-term prosperity, any attempt to attempt to stimulate economic growth and to shift the economic burden of the war is doomed to failure; fiscal and financial policies that balance environmental and economic development is an important guarantee for the development of heavy industry; court could not compete with the public benefit, the state-owned enterprises, private enterprises are an important pillar of the national economy, the government of the two to be treated equally, not favoritism , life and death regardless of monopoly state-owned enterprises to set private enterprises. And hope to be able to provide a reference for western development continues to heat up.

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CLC: > History, geography > History of China > Semi-colonial and semi -feudal society ( 1840 to 1949 ) > New Democratic Revolution Period (1919 ~ 1949 ) > Anti-Japanese War (1937 ~ 1945 )
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