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On Hume’s Historiography

Author: DuanYan
Tutor: LiYong
School: Huaibei Normal
Course: Historical Theory and History
Keywords: David Hume Historiography History of England Religious history History of the progress of the human spirit
CLC: K095.61
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2010
Downloads: 92
Quote: 3
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Abstract


Abstract: David Hume Historical Achievement for its excellence among the Enlightenment history altar, was highly regarded historian. Died, the people of his philosophy gradually masked Historical Achievement, but his historical thought will carry deep, can not be ignored. This article from the perspective of Historiography unifying Hume's philosophy, history, literature, political, economic and other kinds of works, Hume as a whole research efforts to explore Hume Historical Achievement, in order to determine its value, significance. Hume thinking of history was the result of the role of special political, economic and cultural. Hume life most of the time in the King George I and II reign, which is in British history, a period of social stability, economic prosperity, national prosperity period, but also an academic and cultural flourishing period of progress. His thoughts also stems from the influence of early education, classical cultural traditions disseminated continental rationalism, local empirical Zebei and 18th century historians community \Thucydides, Bayle, Voltaire many historians, to provide practical experience; Cicero, Bacon, Newton and others to provide a methodological principle. Hume independent thinking in financial rule of various home in one, built up their own historians system. Hume the historian contribution is mainly reflected in three aspects: Historical Theory, research methods and historiography practical results. Theory, Hume discusses the historical research purposes and uses historical research attitude and position. He believes that history is to explore human nature, and stressed the moral lessons of history and entertainment features, the historian can not like science contribute to the development of production, its significance only in society can only reflect. In which the position of skepticism and truth-seeking complement each other. Hume on knowledge of the distinction between \the experience summarized, historical interpretation, historical evolution and the nature of mind experience, etc.; Hume's History practice results including \exposition of the history of spiritual progress. Hume historians have a profound impact. Specific performance of the Historical Practice demonstration and Historical Thought criminal instrument later. Hume in the efforts of historians practice as well as the achievements, and promote the prosperity of the Scottish Enlightenment historiography, and highly respected scholars in Europe and the United States was. Subsequently, the positivists such as Bertrand Russell, Popper learn from the theoretical resources. Even Chinese scholars such as Jian Bo Zan Zhu Qian of Qian, also benefited from Hume. All in all, Hume was a skeptic, but on the reliability of historical knowledge, however, took the realism of view. Occupy a pivotal position in the development of British historian.

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