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The Possibility of Constructing Universal Ethics

Author: LiuShuHui
Tutor: TianHaiPing
School: Southeast University
Course: Ethics
Keywords: Moral Relativism Moral particularism Universal ethics Moral absolutism Golden Rule Practical Reasoning World of Life Moral consensus
CLC: B82
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2004
Downloads: 174
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Abstract


Abstract: This paper focuses on the perspective of moral universality to explore the possibility of construction of universal ethical thinking . The first chapter is the challenge of ethical practice diversity and moral relativism , indicating the existence of moral universality . On the basis of perceived moral universality , questioning the universal ethics is of moral universality in what sense ? Second chapter focuses on a distinction between the moral particularism Vision moral universality of moral universality of moral absolutism vision the universal ethical vision moral universality . Moral particularism that there is no universal moral truth , moral universality exists only with respect to the special tradition, culture or groups , its biggest challenge facing can not help how we live together . The moral absolutism think there are universal moral truths , this absolute universal moral truth is established on the basis of the ontological argument , it arrogantly declared their own moral universality of moral truth itself , resulting in a variety of absolute moral antagonism between competing truth holders . Advocate of universal ethical universal moral truths , but it is neither beyond the relative moral value system , while the demands of the global ideology ; It is based on the practice of reasoning in the life of the world itself , so as to achieve a moral universality . The third chapter focuses on the possibility of building a universal ethics ideas . First, in the negative sense , that can not be constructed within the framework of moral relativism and moral absolutism universal ethical reasons ; Secondly, the sure sense that construct the idea of universal ethics , the Golden Rule as a starting point to each kinds of moral and cultural traditions of resources, practical reasoning and moral reasoning with dialogue for the formation mechanism , as the goal to eventually reach a moral consensus .

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CLC: > Philosophy, religion > Ethics ( moral philosophy )
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