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Ethnolinguistic Vitality, Language and Cultural Attitude and Language Behavior

Author: ChenGuoHua
Tutor: ZhouZuo
School: South China Normal University
Course: English Language and Literature
Keywords: The vitality of the national language Language attitude Cultural attitudes Verbal behavior American English British English American culture British Culture English accent
CLC: H319.3
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2004
Downloads: 763
Quote: 1
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The attitude is a potential tendency thinking of past experiences. It at any time directly or dynamic impact on the reaction of the individual things or scenarios (Allport, 1959:45). According to this definition, we can see that the attitude has an important impact on the behavior. Because of this, more than half a century, the attitude has been the center of the study of social psychology. But it was not until the sixties of the last century, linguists, was the first time the second language learning achievement and language attitude link, while Lambert and Gardner is the perspective of the promoters. They believe that learning a second language is different from other disciplines, mainly because of second language learning will mean that from another culture elements inject their own lives, so learners agree that users of the target language to language learning effectiveness impact. A direct impact on the attitude of learners of a second language learning motivation, thereby affecting the results of their language learning. The language attitude reflects a social-psychological, it did not take place in the vacuum state of society, but is closely linked with the social environment. The national language vitality theory precisely Giles with his colleagues trying to explain the proposed language attitudes through the social structure of the mode. Giles (1977) believes that the vitality of the national language determines their language attitudes, language, behavior, degree of group identity plays a great role. National language vitality theory, it is possible to assume that the American language vitality is stronger than the British, American English may be higher than British English, learners may be more motivated to learn American English. For the above reasons, the study is a more detailed review of previous research about the attitude of British English and American English, and found that they did not reach this issue consistent results, the results of the study of the results of European research and other areas of conflict. Other regions in this regard and compared with the European attitude of British and American English, the number of studies is much less, especially the lack of examining British and American English and cultural attitudes, and English usage behavior. Moreover, previous studies also widespread measurement tool single drawback. Therefore, the more necessary in areas outside of Europe to use more than one tool to study the attitude of learners of English and American English, Anglo-American cultural attitudes and language usage behavior. This study aims to answer the following questions: 1) the United States, compared to the powerful English language vitality whether making Chinese learners more preference to American English? 2) whether they are more preference to American culture? 3) the attitude of their language and their cultural attitudes related ? 4) whether their voice with their language attitude? tries to third-grade students to the Normal Schools English professional change language pairing method with self-report questionnaire examines learners of English and American English cultural attitudes, by reading test to examine their voice. The results showed that: 1) in China, U.S. English has replaced British English to be the most prestigious English variant. Chinese learners, not only in the three levels are given the highest evaluation of the American accent of the speaker, and the majority of people self-reporting in U.S. English learning mode. 2) the attitude of Chinese learners of English and American culture is relatively complex. Most of them are self-reported preferences of American culture, but American culture, is not significantly higher than that of the evaluation of the British culture. 3) learners' self-reported language preference some consistency with their self-reported cultural preferences, but their British and American English accent and is not relevant to their evaluation of the Anglo-American culture. 4) their voice and their self-reported language attitude is not related, but their voice is indeed there are many beautiful sound characteristics. These findings suggest that language vitality that determines their language attitude, and to determine cultural attitudes to some extent. Cultural attitudes before and after the inconsistency can be explained from the complexity of the feelings of the Chinese people of American culture, as well as when the Chinese culture and Western culture par Chinese people tend to be certain that the national culture. Language behavior and language attitude does not match the assumptions through a critical stage, exam-centered education system, as well as school English education is to be explained by the lack of support for American English. The paper is divided into the following five chapters: The first chapter briefly introduces the research direction, research projects, and structural arrangements. The second chapter describes the important concepts related to language attitudes, and second language acquisition mode. And further elaborated language vitality and language attitudes, the relationship between the linguistic attitudes and cultural attitudes, language attitudes and language behavior. And on this basis, the review and evaluation of previous studies. The third chapter first introduces the research framework of this study, and then one by one to elaborate on the assumptions of this study contains three sub-studies of test, measurement tools, raw data collection procedures. The fourth chapter focuses on reporting the attitude of learners of English and American English, British and American cultural attitudes, and the results of their English usage behavior as well as the relationship between them. In this study, a series of data analysis methods such as paired samples two-tailed t-test method, one-way ANOVA, Pearson correlation analysis of the raw data for processing. Chapter interpretation of the results of the study, summarizes the research for the Foreign Language Teaching and pointed out the lack of research and future research should continue to focus on the direction.

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