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Study on the Political and Diplomatic Relationship between China and DPRK (1949-2009)

Author: QuanHong
Tutor: JiangLongFan
School: Yanbian University
Course: World History
Keywords: China-DPRK relations Korean Peninsula Political and diplomatic North Korean nuclear issue Development of friendship
CLC: D829.312.5
Type: PhD thesis
Year: 2010
Downloads: 1537
Quote: 2
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Abstract


Korean peninsula since ancient times is our strategic position to safeguard national security. Between the two countries in the beginning of the founding of New China on the establishment of diplomatic relations, bilateral relations have gone through the trials and experience of 60 years of ups and downs, but consistently based on the basic point of the traditional friendship between the two countries, has been the national interest basic guidelines, adhere to a comprehensive and sustainable political and diplomatic strategy, plays an active role in the China-DPRK relations. The topics, history and international relations theory, from China and North Korea against external aggression, for national independence movement began, the time span of more than half a century, especially Participation In view of the development of China's foreign policy course, examine the characteristics of different periods of China and the DPRK state-to-state relations, focusing on bilateral political and diplomatic relations between China and the DPRK established diplomatic relations after twists and turns. October 6, 1949, China and North Korea formally established diplomatic relations. National foreign policy and international relations by the ideology of the most profound impact on China and the Soviet Union, North Korea belong to the socialist camp, the newly established China on the one hand and the countries of the socialist camp to face a U.S. \one hand but also a solid new regime, China has implemented a \June 25, 1950, the outbreak of the Korean War, the United States was to be the name of the United Nations' military intervention and war lead directly burn the Chinese border along the Yalu River, China's national security under serious threat. At the request of the Government of North Korea, the Chinese government for the Korean War, defending the homeland and to carry forward the spirit of internationalism, sent troops to Korea to co-operation with the North Korean people to fight against the invaders, the China-DPRK friendship cemented with blood. In November 1953 the two countries signed the agreement on economic and cultural cooperation, the ED also provide North Korea with a large number of selfless assistance in the post-war economic recovery period, to help the DPRK to rebuild the economy. In July 1961, China and the DPRK concluded China-DPRK Friendship, Cooperation and Mutual Assistance Treaty, further strengthen the strategic alliance between the two countries with a common ideology and social system. In 1966, the outbreak of the \During the Cultural Revolution, China-DPRK relations in the doldrums in the development of bilateral relations. In the early 1970s, the international situation has undergone a big change, tending to ease East-West relations, in order to change their national security situation, to get rid of the \\In the 1980s, North Korea and China to increase the close cooperation in the political, economic, cultural, sports and other fields, frequent exchange of visits of high-level leaders of the two countries as well as political, economic, military, and trade delegation, to promote the two countries the friendship and solidarity of the people. Moreover, China also entered the independent foreign policy of peace during the relatively smooth development of relations between China and the DPRK. After the end of the Cold War, the ideology is no longer decided a major factor in international relations, China's diplomatic strategy is more prominent in the concept of peace diplomacy. The late 1980s, early 1990s, Deng Xiaoping proposed the \China to speed up the pace of reform and opening up, accelerate the exploration and practice of the socialist market economic theory, relations with neighboring countries are also developing the primary purpose of economic cooperation for development. After the outbreak of the first North Korean nuclear crisis, China has maintained a low-key attitude, does not directly intervene, but attention is also actively play a special role in the coordination of the hope that the United States and North Korea peacefully through bilateral negotiations to resolve the nuclear problem. In August 1992, the establishment of diplomatic relations between China and South Korea, China and the DPRK relations were at a stalemate, into an unprecedented trough. In the late 1990s, despite changes in the international environment objectively brought a considerable impact on China-DPRK relations, but China is still always stressed that the traditional friendship between China and the DPRK, has been committed to the development of China-DPRK relations of friendship, and strive for two The country overall improvement and development of relations and create a good atmosphere, so that relations between the two countries gradually bottom out, and gradually shift to the partnership by the alliance between. In the new century, the frequent high-level visits between the two countries, the close economic and trade exchanges, to maintain a good communication and coordination in regional and international affairs, China and the DPRK relations gradually developed into a mature new state-to-state relations. After the outbreak of the second North Korean nuclear crisis, China to achieve the denuclearization of the Peninsula and peaceful resolution of the North Korean nuclear crisis, actively build an effective platform of the six-party talks, has made proactive diplomatic efforts for the denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula, the active mediation role to play in the process of resolving the Korean nuclear issue, which is unprecedented in the history of New China's diplomatic. Although the six-party talks have repeatedly stalled, but it is still an effective mechanism for parties to agree to peacefully resolve the nuclear issue. China and the DPRK established diplomatic relations in 2009, the 60th anniversary of China and the DPRK on bilateral relations in recent years great significance, the two governments to determine this year as \Government the importance of China-DPRK relations and positioning. However, the North Korean nuclear issue circuitous repeatedly Northeast Asia security profound impact brought subtle changes to the China-DPRK relations. North Korea fired missiles at a row in 2009, conducted a nuclear test North Korean nuclear issue has become important variable affecting the China-DPRK relations. Nevertheless, we continue to attach importance to China-DPRK traditional friendship, peace and stability of the Peninsula situation more in line with our national interests. At present, China's shuttle diplomacy is still in full swing, and the peaceful resolution of the North Korean nuclear crisis hope will reproduce the dawn of China's efforts. China will continue to support the independent and peaceful reunification of the Korean peninsula, north and south of both the basic strategy will not change, attention to North Korea's position in China's foreign and security strategies will not change. Regional cooperation in Northeast Asia is the inevitable trend of peace and development of the Northeast Asian region as a whole, while maintaining the traditional friendly relations between China and the DPRK is an indispensable prerequisite for this process, China's national interests inevitable where.

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CLC: > Political, legal > Diplomacy, international relations > Chinese Foreign > Chinese diplomatic history,foreign relations history
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