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Agricultural Land Contract Management Right Transfer System Reformation Based on Urban-Rural Integration

Author: LiQiYu
Tutor: ZhangWenXiu
School: Sichuan Agricultural University
Course: Agricultural Economics and Management
Keywords: Innovation Transfer system, Agricultural land contract and management rights Urban and rural areas
CLC: F321.1
Type: PhD thesis
Year: 2010
Downloads: 1023
Quote: 8
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Abstract


Since the 1990s, China's urban-rural gap has been widening, \To this end, the 16th National Party Congress put forward the strategy of urban and rural economic and social development \Urban and rural areas requires the free flow of resources between urban and rural areas and factors of production, the formation of \Agricultural land contract and management rights rational flow of factor mobility in urban and rural areas, urban and rural development is essential. Only its free flow, to achieve optimal allocation of resources, the development of modern agriculture and promote the maximization of the value of agricultural land, while promoting the transfer of rural labor and the income of farmers, urban and rural development. However, China's agricultural land transfer system, there are many problems, lead to poor agricultural land contract management rights transfer, the low turnover rate. Therefore, the existing agricultural land transfer system, to study, to analyze the defects, to explore the path of improving the circulation system of agricultural land, promote the circulation of agricultural land, has important theoretical significance and practical value for the optimization of agricultural land in the allocation of resources, and promote urban and rural development, . In this paper, the theory of the modern theory of property rights, land rent theory, the theory of the land market and institutional innovation as the guide, based on a review of the reform and opening up China's agricultural land contract and management rights transfer system change Chengyu pilot area of ??agricultural land contract and management rights transfer system practice, farmers agricultural land contract management rights transfer will and influence factors Game Analysis on the circulation of agricultural land contract and management rights relevant stakeholders, were analyzed to determine the defects of the existing agricultural land contract and management rights transfer system, Finally, the path of circulation of agricultural land system innovation. The basic conclusions of this study are as follows: (1) the beginning of the reform and opening up, the household contract management system play a huge role, institutional innovation to adapt to the development of the productive forces. However, with the economic development, the defects of the system becomes increasingly obvious need to make the necessary timely optimization. China's agricultural land contract and management rights transfer system has gone through the initial stage and established perfect stage, this process shows that the transfer of market-oriented agricultural land contract and management rights transfer system innovation inherent requirements of the appropriate scale of operation in China in the future circulation of agricultural land system change directions. (2) Chengdu-Chongqing pilot area to promote the agricultural land contract and management rights transfer, the right certification, but also the right to empowerment, protection of farmland, agricultural land contract management rights transfer intermediary organizations, the construction of a series of reforms, an increase in the income of the farmers, adjustment of agricultural structure, diversification of investment in agriculture has made a good performance, but there are also the illegal transfer phenomenon, most farmers do not want to transfer, transfer intermediary organizational effectiveness not fully agricultural land transfer risk prevention mechanism . Practice has proved that to promote agricultural land contract management rights transfer must also right to empowerment, respect the wishes of farmers, promoting agricultural land contract management rights transfer premise; support of industries with local advantages, sufficient scale business entities, the organization support and supporting policies is a necessary condition to promote the circulation of agricultural land contract and management rights. (3) farmers agricultural land contract management rights transfer to the main supply, the circulation will directly determines the behavior of the circulation of agricultural land, thereby affecting the circulation of agricultural land. Willingness to farmers of agricultural land contract and management rights transfer Logistic regression analysis showed that the main factors that affect farmers agricultural land transferred to the wishes of the annual per capita income, the proportion of non-farm income, satisfaction circulation of agricultural land prices, the availability of agricultural land transfer intermediary, without government subsidies to buy social insurance and regional levels of economic development. The main factors affecting farmers farmland conversion willingness annual per capita income, the proportion of non-farm income, agricultural land transfer price satisfaction, with or without the transfer of agricultural land intermediary and without government subsidies to social insurance. Therefore, a sound social security, higher farm household income and the proportion of non-agricultural income, reasonable circulation of agricultural land prices and intermediary organizations to help enhance the farmers agricultural land transfer willingness to promote the circulation of agricultural land. (4) the urban and rural agricultural land contract management rights transfer the institutional innovation stakeholders involved in the township government, the rural collective economic organizations, agricultural land transferred out side and agricultural land transferee, in agricultural land contract management rights transfer process , various stakeholders in pursuit of maximizing their own interests, the complex intertwined interests of the game, to make their own decision-making behavior. Game Analysis results show that, to promote agricultural land contract management rights transfer, must deal with the distribution of benefits between the relevant stakeholders: farmers to convert agricultural land to get the total compensation of not less than self-employed agricultural land; transferee transferred to the agricultural land remuneration not less than the social average profit; reduce transaction costs and to increase the agricultural land in the remuneration of the transferor and the transferee. (5) the existing agricultural land contract management rights transfer system of ownership of agricultural land in the main unknown, agricultural land contract and management rights Incomplete Property Rights, market-oriented agricultural land transfer mechanism is not perfect, the lack of the professional agricultural land circulation price assessment agencies and unified and standardized prices The formation mechanism of agricultural land transfer risk prevention mechanism is imperfect and other defects. Therefore, it is necessary to innovate the agricultural land contract and management rights transfer system, to adapt to the needs of the development of agricultural modernization and urban and rural development. (6) agricultural land contract and management rights transfer system, innovation, must adhere to the household contract management system based on to strengthening agricultural land use rights; allows agricultural land contract and management rights secured by the grower or farmer specialized cooperatives funded socialized agriculture guarantee companies; entrusted with the operation of the establishment and improvement of, charge, at their appraised or the form of shares and transfer of agricultural land contract management rights transfer; sound land management rights transfer of price formation mechanism, improve the circulation of agricultural land risk prevention mechanism; improve related measures, and attention to the role of the informal system. The innovation of this paper: (1) to extract the commissioned operation, contributed as capital or shares and transfer of agricultural land contract management rights transfer form. (2) \Calculation of agricultural land contract management rights transfer prices generally lag rent \(3) ways to establish a market-oriented agricultural security company. By a local grower or farmer specialized cooperatives funded the establishment of market-oriented agricultural security company to provide security for the farmers of agricultural land contract and management rights secured. (4) the circulation of agricultural land system innovation should pay attention to farmers' Love soil complex, farming culture, the role of the informal system of party trust transferred to the local government, the village collective economic organizations and agricultural land.

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CLC: > Economic > Agricultural economy > China 's agricultural economy > Rural economic structure and institutional > Land issues
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