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Theoretical Analysis and Empirical Study on Construction and Development of Agricultural Industrial Technological System Based on Institutional Innovation

Author: SuXiaoZuo
Tutor: QiChunJie
School: Huazhong Agricultural University
Course: Trade in agriculture and rural financial management
Keywords: Modern Agricultural Industrial Technology System InstitutionalInnovation Technological Innovation Dynamic Mechanism Inductive Action Innovation Performance
CLC: F323.3
Type: PhD thesis
Year: 2012
Downloads: 469
Quote: 1
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Abstract


In late2007, the Ministry of Agriculture and the Ministry of Finance, P. R. C, co-launched a pilot construction of ten modern agricultural industrial technology systems, such as paddy, maize, wheat without underlying the existing agricultural departments and mechanism. By the end of2008, the system was expanded to fifty main primary products. Oriented by the demand of industrial development and technology upgrading, the construction of our modern agricultural industrial technology system can efficaciously outline the ecological location advantages of our special agricultural products, assemble all the advantageous innovation resources, provide comprehensive technological service for our agricultural production in order to ensure our food security, increase peasants’ income and advance agricultural industry with harmonious and healthy development. Meanwhile, the pilot revolution helps to explore a new approach to efficaciously promote agricultural technological innovation, technology upgrading and agricultural industry balancing development. It can provide practical grounds to reasonably expand innovation mechanism of modern agricultural industrial technology system and provide important references to zealously innovate organization framework and management mechanism of existing agricultural scientific and technical system.With the purpose of how to enhance technological innovation performance and system operating performance of our modern agricultural industrial technology system by institutional innovation, this study discussed several problems based on institutional innovation theory, the theory of interactive relationship between institutional innovation and technological innovation and econometrics principles as follows:How about the operating and innovational performance of this system? What’s the influence of system supervising and inspiriting mechanism to micro-individuals’technological innovation behavior? How about the inductive action of system’s institutional innovation to technological innovation? Whether it can promote productive efficiency of farm products or not? How to seek after a management approach to boost its operating performance through perfecting its internal institutional arrangement and external institutional environment? Firstly, based on the dynamic reasons and performance of institutional innovation, construct a normal analysis framework of institutional innovation of our modern agricultural industrial technology system. Secondly,retrospect evolutional trajectory of traditional agricultural industrial technical system, analyze its internal institutional limitation and institutional innovation of our modern agricultural industrial technology system adopted institutional analysis and comparable analysis methods, analyze its institutional innovation dynamic mechanism and influence factors. Thirdly, focus on institutional innovation performance analysis of this system. It makes an empirical study on how dose system’s institutional innovation induce agricultural technological innovation by principal component analysis and Panel Data model, then constructs a comprehensive evaluation index system to evaluate micro-indiciduals’ institutional innovation performance of modern agricultural industrial technology system based on micro-individuals’behaviors of technological innovation and finds an effective way to evaluate its personal institutional innovation performance by AHP and fuzzy synthetic evaluation model. It aslo compares several agricultural products’productive technical efficiency within this industrial technology system and analyzes its influence factors by stochastic frontier production function model and technical efficiency loss function model added institutional impact factors. At last, draw lessons from America agricultural scientific and technical system and raised some related measurements to stimulate construction and development of our modern agricultural industrial technology system.The study may have three innovations as follows. Firstly, form a new study paradigm on performance of modern agricultural industrial technology system and construct a normal analysis framework of modern agricultural industrial technology system institutional innovation based on the dynamic reasons and performance of institutional innovation. Secondly, with the purpose of studing inducement of system institutional innovation to agricultural technological innovation, analyze the inductive relationship by principal component analysis and Panel Data model based on the theory of interactive relationship between institutional innovation and technological innovation. Thirdly, pay more attention to empirical study and quantitative analysis, make focus on its innovational performance and the efficiency of its institutional innovation mechanism combined case analysis with econometrical model analysis, evaluate its personal institutional innovation performance by AHP and fuzzy synthetic evaluation model and analyzes its influence to productive technical efficiency by stochastic frontier production function model and technical efficiency loss function model added institutional impact factors to study its organizational performance, then make them as important grounds to perfect and spread the system’s innovational mechanism.This dissertation is composed of nine chapters, the main contents and conclusions of each chapter are as follow: Chapter Ⅰ is an introduction. On the basis of defining research backgrounds and objectives and significance, the chapter proposes involved problems needed to be solved, analysis framework and research methods. The possible innovations and shortcomings are also revealed.Chapter Ⅱ is a construction of institutional innovation normal analysis framework of our modern agricultural industrial technology system. Dawn lessons from North’s analysing paradigm of institutional innovation model, constructs a normal institutional innovation analysis framework of this system based on institutional innovation performance and dynamic causation.Chapter Ⅲ is an analysis of the history and current situation of our tranditional agricultural industrial technology system based on institutional factors analysis. The chapter retrospects to its evolutional trajectory and expatiaties its current situation, summarizes its existing problems and analyzes internal institutional limitations, then gives a representation on backgrounds significance and innovations of modern agricultural industrial technology system.Chapter IV is an analysis of innovational dynamic mechanism of modern agricultural industrial technology system and influence factors of its institutional innovation. Taken a characteristic product production of Yunnan province for example, this chapter analyzes the system’s innovation performance and its influence factors from the view of institutional supply and objectives on which the institution performs. The results show that motivations of our modern agricultural industrial technology system are not only the internal contradictions between institutions and technology innovation efficiency under the traditional agricultural scientific and technical system, but also the pursuit of potential innovation profit to system members.Chapter V is an empirical study on inductive relationship between institutional innovation and technological innovation of modern agricultural industrial technology system. Based on the interactive relationship theory, it analyzes the inductive action of system’s institutional innovation to technological innovation efficiency by principal component analysis and Panel Data model. The results show that a series of institutional innovation measures can spirit up and restrict system members’technological innovation actions and play a positive role in advancing agricultural technological innovation. System members’working time and research fund arrangement efficiency can significantly underly system’s technological innovation efficiency and research fund arrangement efficiency has more apparent effect than working time arrangement efficiency. Chapter VI is the comprehensive evaluation of personal institutional innovation performance of modern agricultural industrial technology system. Based on micro-individuals’technological innovation behaviors, this chapter constructs a comprehensive evaluation index system of personal innovation performance by principal component analysis and Panel Data model. Taken one of industrial technology systems for instance, this chapter calculates its personal performance and verifies validity of the index system. Results show that its average personal performance value is about0.23which is far behind the level of "excellent" and there are some apparent differences among all the micro-individuals. So there is a great scope for each micro-individual to upgrade its innovational performance.Chapter VII is the measurement and comparison of several main agricultural products’productive technical efficiency added institutional influence factor. Based on the data of productive output and input from1992to2009, this paper calculate technical efficiency of rapeseed, cotton, non-scaled cultured swine and apple which firstly pilot in modern agricultural industrial technology system by stochastic frontier production function model, and comparatively analyze the effect of the system to their technical efficiency by adding institutional impact factor to technical efficiency loss function model. The results showed that a series of institutional arrangement of modern agricultural industrial technology system can play a positive role in enhancing agricultural productive technical efficiency of which the rapeseed most significant and the cotton most insignificant.Chapter VIII is drawing lessons from construction and development of American agricultural scientific and technical innovation system.Chapter IX is the conclusions and measurements. The main research conclusions are summarized, it puts forward some corresponding measurements and suggestions from the perspective of innovating internal institutional arrangement and perfecting external institutional environment of our modern agricultural industrial technology system.

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CLC: > Economic > Agricultural economy > China 's agricultural economy > Construction and development of agricultural economy > Agricultural technological innovation,agricultural and technical and economic
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