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Land Resources Evaluation of The Economic Security

Author: LiXiaoYu
Tutor: ZhuLianQi
School: Henan University
Course: Management of land resources
Keywords: the land resources economic security Henan province evaluation
CLC: F301.21
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2012
Downloads: 113
Quote: 0
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Abstract


In recent years, with the century development of economy, the scarcity of resourcesproblem more and more cause everyone’s attention. The land as a very important resource in theearth, is that the human survival and the development of the most important material base. Landresources security is the guarantee of the social civilization of mankind prosperity, is also affectthe entire resources security system with the key factors, and the safety of land to the trend ofresearch booming rise slowly become land research in the field of research content, more andmore attention and attention. And the land resource economic security is the safety of landresources is an important part of land economic security is realized the medium and long-termeconomic development strategy will be the basic guarantee. Therefore, the economic security ofland resources, the research and analysis have relatively strong urgent and practical significance.Henan province is one of the country’s agricultural province and the most populousprovince, the land use of the natural and social economic condition is superior, population andeconomic growth speed of land resources, especially the cultivated land resources, is thecontradiction between human and the provinces are more prominent. Along with thedevelopment of industrialization and urbanization, land use in appeared use structure and layoutis not rational, use efficiency is low, the phenomenon such as serious waste. So not only affectedthe development of the city itself, but also caused a large waste of land resources. In the urbanland resources environment pollution is more serious tension and pressure of the land resourcesin henan province, the economic security situation for evaluation and research, helps to find the influence of the land resource security key factors, promote the henan province the optimizedallocation of land resource, improve the land intensive use efficiency of saving, ease of Henanprovince, the contradiction between supply and demand of land.This paper summarized the research results of the predecessors in the basis of thedefinition of land the definition of economic security; From the survey of land resource of Henanprovince using present situation, in the related theory, under the guidance of henan provincethrough the analysis of1999-2008, the change of land use, according to the principles ofestablishing indexes and the actual situation of the study area established land resources inHenan province economic safety evaluation system, this index system including five criterionlayer (number of safety, quality safety, structure safety, efficiency and safety price) and18indicator; Will the Delphi method and analytic hierarchy process to together, calculate the weightof each index, finally using comprehensive evaluation model in henan province, the1999-2008economic security level land resources on the evaluation study. Also found land use in Henanprovince, the main problems of the policy, laws and regulations,, technology and scientificaspects and feasible countermeasures and measures, optimize the allocation of land resources inHenan province, improve the land intensive use efficiency savings, ease of Henan province ofthe purpose of land, the contradiction between supply and demand.The main research results for: land resources in Henan province economic securitylevel on the whole is on the rise. Although overall land resources in the economic security levelunceasingly the upper part of the body, but in2004the land before the economic security ofHenan province level is in not safe state, in2004after security level land economy is improving,in basic safety conditions. By2008the security level close to high security state. Land resources efficiency of the economic security of the safety criteria layer fairlywell,2008years to achieve a high degree of state security. Land resources in the economicsecurity the quality and safety of the fluctuation of the rising level occur status. Quality andsafety in2004years in the basic safety conditions. Quantity safety level is up and down situation,in2004and2005in basic security situation, but later dropped, in the basic safety hovered around.The safety of the structure is always in a descent. Prices in the ten years safety is the rise and fallof conditions, including2004~2006in the state of the basic security, other time all is in notsafety level. Land resources in Henan province, the economic security plays a beneficial effectfactors are reserve land area per capita, land development unit of land reclamation area, the foodproduction, multiple crop index, unit land economic output the forehead. Land resources inHenan province, the economic security of adverse effects are the major factors of cultivated landper capita per person and construction land area, and cultivated land area of agricultural land area,real estate development/land area/construction land use acreage.

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CLC: > Economic > Agricultural economy > Agricultural economic theory > Land Economics > Land management, planning and > Arable land management and protection
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