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Economic growth and the relationship between the financial development

Author: YangZhengDong
Tutor: QiShunRong
School: Fudan University
Course: Western Economics
Keywords: Economic growth Financial development The reform and opening-up policy
CLC: F832;F224
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2011
Downloads: 117
Quote: 0
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Abstract


Chinese economy has undergone the rapid development after thirty years of reform and opening up. From 1978 to 2010, China’s average annual GDP growth rate was 9.8%, far higher than the international average annual growth rate of 3% on average. Because of the rapid economic development, China’s comprehensive national strength and international competitiveness has been enhanced a lot. However, there is a big gap about economic development between different regions in China. Some developed provinces in East China have reached the level of moderately developed countries, while some less developed in western part of China has not been well off.As the core of modern market economy, the level of financial development and economic growth are closely related, if there is not a developed financial system, the market economy can not be fast or efficiently operated. Overall, a certain gap of financial industry exists in different regions of China, the eastern part has a faster financial development and more developed capital market. A serious financial repression exists in central and western region. Banking structure was not reasonable and state-owned enterprises loans accounted for a high proportion of commercial bank loans, result in the low efficient of financial activities, so it can not play the role of fully optimizing the allocation of resources.Above all, this paper reviews the characteristics of economic growth and financial development in different regions after reform and opening up of China especially 90s. Second, combining the financial repression and financial structure theory, we select the appropriate indicator variables to establish the linear regression model and have the empirical measurement analysis and Granger causality test according to the actual situation of China. Again, we analyze the problems of regional economic growth and financial development. Finally, we give policy advice to the coordination of regional economic growth and financial development.

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CLC: > Economic > Economic planning and management > Economic calculation, economic and mathematical methods > Economic and mathematical methods
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