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Verbal-Imagery Cognitive Style to False Memory in the DRM Procedure Influence

Author: ZuoYiJie
Tutor: JinHeYan
School: Yanbian University
Course: Principles of Education
Keywords: False Memory Cognitive style DRM paradigm
CLC: B842.3
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2011
Downloads: 125
Quote: 0
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Abstract


False memory refers to people of past events occurring between the reports and the fact that deviations or events that occur in the absence of memories of the phenomenon. False memories Bartlett first began in 1932 studies in the 1970s used in the judicial and psychological counseling and other applications , so that false memories by scholars attention. In 1995, American psychologist Roediger and McDermott founded the laboratory studies DRM false memory paradigm , and with the DRM paradigm a lot of research in recent years, cognitive style factors attention. Most existing research from cognitive style as a whole - analysis dimension to field independence - to study the field dependence of the speech - dimensional representation of very little. Zhang et al ( 2009 ) using the vocabulary and pictures do experimental material discussed speech - dimensional representation of the error memory effect . Experiments using different materials to make inferences to be discussed comparable difference between the two . To overcome using different experimental material (s tables and images ) caused by the deviation explained , using the same experimental materials were studied. By \memory preference for False Memory . Conclusions are: 1 , cognitive style is an important factor affecting false memory , verbal bait type were tested for critical recognition error rate is significantly higher than the appearance of type test error recognition rate , is susceptible of false memories . 2 , to the different nature of the word table as experimental materials were tested for critical lure false recognition rate is not significantly different ; cognitive styles and vocabularies nature of the error recognition rate exists interaction . 3, in the error memory of the process, the activation of the word semantic activation not only , but also by the appearance of schemata for the activation process. 4 , the nature of cognitive styles and vocabularies learned word for the correct recognition rate and the critical lure false recognition rates were different.

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CLC: > Philosophy, religion > Psychology > Psychological processes and mental state > Learning and memory
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