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Research on Peasant-Workers’ Labour Force Property Rights

Author: ZhangXianHong
Tutor: LiLuTang
School: Northwest University of Science and Technology
Course: Agricultural Economics and Management
Keywords: Peasant-workers Labour Force Property Rights Claim to Residue Residual Control Power Backflow Enterprises
CLC: F249.2
Type: PhD thesis
Year: 2007
Downloads: 722
Quote: 3
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Abstract


Owing to the particularity of Chinese economical, political, social etc. causes, the floating employment of peasant-workers is a typical economic phenomenon on the way to Chinese urbanization, industrialization and modernization, which is also a characteristic of China. As the trend of peasant-workers’floating employment is still upwards, several related social, economical and managerial problems are doomed to emerge. Now, some of certain problems have already caused serious social conflicts, and even intensified the social contradictions in a few areas. If we don’t take precautions now, those potential problems will appear sooner or later. At that time, the newly emerging problems tangled with the previous ones will not only have a harmful influence on social stability and healthy economic development, but endanger the constructions of affluent society and even the establishment of harmonious society.As we all know, truth must be based on comprehensive investigations. On the basis of questionnaires made by the author, this dissertation focuses on the research of peasant-workers’wage standards, peasant-workers’labor property rights, and how they can be achieved by some system-arrangements and direct path. For these issues, the Chinese experts in this field haven’t done researches on them, or fully explored them. Through comprehensive investigation, the dissertation tries to reach some instructive conclusions from the prospective of rules which are about the transformation from traditional economy to modern economy, from traditional society to modern society. What’s more, based on the conclusions of this dissertation, the dissertation puts forward some constructive suggestions and specific regulation arrangements.According to the study of some relevant articles and materials, the paper deduces the ownership, the characteristics and the function, and establishes the meaning of labor force property rights of peasant workers. On the basis of the disclosure that incoming right is a concentrated reflection of peasant workers’labor force property rights, of which, also, the paper illustrates the focused display is residual claim as well as the basis, the necessity and the support conditions for peasant workers to obtain it in the present conditions in China.The systematic analysis of peasant-workers’wage standard classifications and causes show that once peasant-workers acquire certain abilities to read and write, their wage standards depend on where they work, what kind of jobs they are engaged in, and the knowledge acquired through learning by doing which establishes the foundation of achievement of labor property rights, and derives a vital measure index to the post of peasant workers. The acquirement of peasant workers’wage standards under different circumstance, not only provides for base point of measuring on implementation of peasant workers’residual claim, but also affords quantity support for amending“unchangeable salary”hypothesis of W. Arthur Lewis’Dual Economy Theory. Now, more than 80% of peasant-workers are not satisfied with present wage standards, which reflects that while working in cities, these peasant-workers have a strong desire to share the equal national treatment with city workers.Through questionnaire survey and“SWOT”analysis, it can be derived that the influencing factors of the achievement of peasant workers’labor property rights are mainly expressed on the lack of vocational skill, Huji discrimination and other kinds of discriminations caused by Huji kind. Thus, in the situation that the vested micro employment status can not be improved in time, to apply to a certain method to test one’s occupational potential based on the pointed training is essential, and to explore to establish a cardinal policy for non-discrimination is imperative.The present research findings and the reality that peasant-workers are disadvantaged groups nowadays indicate the realizations of peasant-workers’labor property rights must satisfy the following two requirements: first, eradicating the discriminations of census register; second, measuring and cutting up the values of peasant-workers’labor force capital. Through systematical analysis, the author puts forward the following suggestions: eradicating the discriminations of census register must be implemented on the three closely related links which are prior to peasant-workers’floating employment, in the process of peasant-workers’floating employment and the results of peasant-workers’floating employment. If so, we can set up three types of corresponding systems. In order to improve the maneuverability of these three systems, we should also add a certain number of specific arrangements to each system.In light of the facts that peasant-workers are low-literacy, disadvantaged groups, their jobs are off-the-record, we can’t mechanically apply those existing computation modules to measure the values of peasant-workers’labor force capital. Therefore, the new computation module must be formed to effectively measure and cut up the values of peasant-workers’labor force capital. After analyzing the holistic human capital property rights value module of enterprise and how to measure and cut up the value of peasant-workers’labor property rights, this dissertation has deduced the computing formula for measuring the individual peasant-worker’s value of labor property rights, and proved two important variables Ri and Qi in the computing formula. At the same time, the paper also reveals the three procedures of how to cut the value of human capital property rights.As usual, there are several ways to achieve worker’s labor property rights. However, just as researches show, the only approach for peasant-workers to achieve their labor property rights is the profit sharing system, together with certain specific regulations of staff share-holding policy. At this part, this dissertation has clearly dwelled upon six essential questions for peasant-workers to achieve their labor property rights through staff share-holding policy. Peasant-worker’s claim to residue can mainly be embodied through profit sharing system and staff share-holding policy, but claim to residue is on the premise of residual control power. Therefore, residual control power and its attributes, why must peasant-workers own residual control power, and how do peasant-workers acquire residual control power are also the main concerns of this dissertation.The research on peasant-workers who start their own businesses after coming back home demonstrates that it can greatly enhance the investment multiplier effects because such approach not only satisfies the theory and constraint conditions of multiplier effects, but overcome the disadvantages of public investments. In order to further raise the two types of investment multiplier effects, we have to take effective measures to design and coordinate with the fiscal policy, income distributive policy, social security benefit policy, consumption policy and regional economy policy, and let these policies play an active role in expanding the investment multiplier effects.Backflow enterprises are demonstrated to be a direct path of achieving peasant-workers’property rights based on the analysis of multiplier effects,and some measures are proposed to resolve the problem that peasant-workers’labour force property rights are not achieved to their purpose.The creative achievements in this dissertation are mainly listed as follows:(1)Adopts methods of random sampling investigation and sorting-out and resulting-in analysis to obtain the wage standards of peasant-workers under different conditions which provides basic points to measure the realization of peasant-workers’labor force property rights;(2)Demonstrates fully the necessity of building hyper-order priority system of peasant-workers’wages;(3)Proposes a new accounting measurement referring to the value of peasant-workers’labor force capital and its abecedarian demonstration is made as well;(4)Points out the measuring indexes and calculates each index weight;(5)Expatiates detailed institutional arrangement and direct path of the achievement of peasant-workers’labor force property rights.

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CLC: > Economic > Economic planning and management > Labor Economics > Countries in the world of labor economic profile > China
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