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About ", in ~" and "~, it aka" Semantics Research

Author: LiuHaiZuo
Tutor: ZhaoYan
School: Jilin University
Course: Foreign Linguistics and Applied Linguistics
Keywords: ~ Ka ne ru ~ Ka ne na Kei Suffix Verbal behavior
CLC: H36
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2013
Downloads: 40
Quote: 0
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Abstract


"To, in" and "~, it is aka" in Japanese suffix, ever from the grammatical function of their research, study them in the sentence grammatical meaning and usage, this paper further summarizes the basic meaning and usage of this, from the pragmatic angle, "to study, in" pragmatic strategy. The first chapter by Tokieda Motoki "verbal hypothesis" and the Hashimoto grammar point of view to explain the modern Japanese grammar about "suffix" debate. At the same time, in order to "learn" a Book of Japanese verb conjugation table as an example, introduced the most advanced modern Japanese grammar system, the definition of the suffix. From "~, from" and "to master it aka" connection mode can be called the suffix. Secondly, to study Koya Notetsuo and Tani Katsuki as a pioneer, summary of "~, from" and "to explain it, aka" the first study. ① "- as in" although the speaker subjective intention relationship, but not completely according to the speaker will decide, also is the objective can not resist the power of decision, in other words, that is the speaker had mood. The affirmative form "- as in" can be interpreted as "the same u a and u and thinking at the same injection in flying moo e language and, from it, that is, aka" refers to "the front speakers expect, things", if so, the negative "~, it aka" refers to "the speaker does not want, negative things". The second chapter through to the affirmative form ", in" grammar explanations and examples, summarizes the meaning and usage. ① "- as said in" the impossible, no matter how are not the speaker's intended meaning, but by the irresistible force limited objective. ② and, without dependence on any one, the speaker may not have mood reaction. The "king of the opinion of the similar distribution, with a: in" usage, said the speaker euphemism refused the Commission's. And, the above must satisfy the conditions for the first person speaker. In addition, similar to the "(for as) see, at (look at, too horrible to look at, see not go down)" this is a special expression, most dictionaries will show the entries appear, actually has the meaning of II. The third chapter through to the negative form ", aka Hai" grammatical explanations and examples, summarizes the meaning and usage. That is, "to technique for it," said both the speaker expects positive things, or the speaker does not expect the negative things, none of the speakers will, mainly for the accident conditions. The fourth chapter starts from the perspective of pragmatics, analysis "to, in" pragmatic strategy. Using Brown and Levinson's politeness strategy, "to explain, in" in speech behavior function. At the same time, according to Koya Notetsuo and Shibuya on "~, in" explanation put forward their own point of view. Through the pragmatic pragmatic theory, draws the conclusion. The "~, in" the sentence reflected things, whether it is positive or negative, no difference between a reference. The first person as subject case, all of the action verbs can express the speaker's intention, and not "- as in" unique. ③ "- as in" speaker for rejected the request and the use of speech acts. This is not the face of the other party, speech act does not make the other side. In other words, in a pragmatic strategy, "to, in" can maximize the preservation of the invitation to the face.

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