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The Aesthetic Metaphysics of Schopenhauer

Author: XieFen
Tutor: LiXiaoLin
School: Xiamen University
Course: Literature and Art
Keywords: Schopenhauer The Aesthetic Metaphysics Will
CLC: B83-0
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2014
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Abstract


"The Aesthetic Metaphysics"means that aesthetics is related to metaphysics. Beauty and reality are interdependent."The Aesthetic Metaphysics"goes through a long process of development. But behind the beauty has a timeless ontology. The ontology could be substance, valuable ontology and the demonstration of Being.Authur Schopenhauer regards the voluntarism as the base of "The Aesthetic Metaphysics",Representation and Will are two different sides of the world. The will is the transformation of Kant’s the thing-in-itself, which is transcendent and can be given in the behavior. Schopenhauer tried to use Plato’s "Idea" to fill the gap between "Will"and "Representation".Schopenhauer changed Plato’s theory of the Idea. It isn’t the Ontology, but a special representation. There is a problem between the Will and the Idea, but there is no denying that Schopenhauer tends to regard Idea as the perceptual form of the Will.The thesis of "Beauty is to show the Idea" means that Schopenhauer’s aesthetics is related to Plato. But Schopenhauer’s Idea is not the ontology. The ontology is the Will. Beauty is to show the Will. Pure subject is the premise of beauty. The contemplation of beauty is to show the Will, and is be similar to Husserl’s essential intuitional means. The contemplation of beauty is negative process, and it’s similar to Nietzsche’s theory about unfold of the "will to power". Art is the replica of the Idea. Music is to show the Will. Genius is the creator and the Appreciator of the art or beauty, who is imaginative, can use intellect to restrain the willing and can lose himself in the object. Aesthetic experience is a way to struggle against Nihilism and comfort the suffering in life.Schopenhauer’s"The Aesthetic Metaphysics"regards Will as a single entity and the object of the aesthetic subject, and still rests on the scope of traditional metaphysics. Finally, he constructed the theory of which the core is to neglect the Will, so he never finished the salvation of beauty. But he establishes the foundation for Nietzsche’s world.

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