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Research on China's Rural Endowment Mode in the Process of Urbanization

Author: LiYue
Tutor: ZhangWenHua
School: Shanxi University of Finance
Course: Marxism in China
Keywords: urbanization the model of rural old ages family supporting socialprovision for the aged spiritual support
CLC: D669.6
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2014
Downloads: 1
Quote: 0
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Abstract


Since Chinese reform and opening up, due to the improvement of medicaltreatment and the implementation of the one-child policy, China will become thecountry to age before it gets rich, and the situation is more and more tense. The aging ofthe rural population.in China is more serious than city. The elderly over the age of65inChinese rural will account for17%of the total population in the countryside. At thesame time, with the accelerating of urbanization process in our country, ruralproductivity has a rapid development and gradually break the traditional mode to themodernization, rural areas are facing the social upheaval of urbanization and aging, butdue to the rural economic base is weak, the rural elderly endowment problem appearsmore prominent and nervous especially there are many problems of Chinese ruralendowment patterns.Urbanization in China is not only promoted the development of the ruralproductive forces, and caused a strong impact on the way of life for farmers, familystructure, ideology and so on. Urbanization makes the inheritance for thousands of yearsof family pension mode gradually lose advantage; Social endowment insurance system,as an important supplement of the rural pension mode in China is faced with manydifficulties such as small coverage, management loophole and old-age insurancesystem., these difficulties can not satisfy the requirement of the development ofurbanization in our country. It is noteworthy that rural elderly spiritual support problemsare increasingly serious.Farmers as the largest class in China, which is the core and foundation of theconstruction of socialism with Chinese characteristics. How to establish conforms to thecurrent situation of the development of China’s rural pension mode, is the realisticproblem urgently to be solved in Chinese economic and social development. In view ofthe present our country rural endowment patterns exists many problems in urbanizationprocess. How to implement a "double" security model? This paper will introduce theanalysis and research from three aspects. Firstly, outlined the urbanization under thebackground of the present situation of our existing rural pension mode and the mainproblems, especially the rural elderly spiritual support.Secondly, analyzes theurbanization in our country the cause of the problems existed in rural old-age model, and then summarizing the western developed countries rural old-age model, it benefitsfor Chinese rural social endowment security.Finally, based on the above theoreticalanalysis, in view of the current rural economic development in our country, buildingdiversified endowment patterns of family endowment is the first level, and withdisparate, payment of social endowment insurance system for the second level. Children,rural communities and the governments at the grassroots level play an important role inmeeting the demand of the elderly material and spiritual life, they must work togetherto enrich the old spiritual life. Pension problem in rural area in our country has a closerelationship with the stability of the rural order and the healthy development ofagriculture; it is the realization of the foundation of a virtuous cycle of urbanization andthe key to the construction of socialist new countryside. In the period of social transitionof urbanization and aging, in rural areas to build the scientific and feasibility of ruralendowment pattern is the objective demand of the development of the socialist marketeconomy with Chinese characteristics, and it is the key of the comprehensively deepenreform work.Solving the problem of the farmers’ pension is the essential requirement ofpeople-oriented scientific development concept, it reflects our party’s route to thepeople’s fundamental interests as the starting point of the work and the need of MarxismSnitization advancing with the times, it is also the essence of Marxist concept ofpeople’s livelihood.

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