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Research on WTO Rules of Agricultural Subsidies

Author: ZhengLiDan
Tutor: ChenXianMin
School: East China University of Political Science
Course: Legal
Keywords: Agricultural Subsidies Export Subsidies Domestic Support Legal Regulation
CLC: D996.1
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2009
Downloads: 53
Quote: 0
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Abstract


URAA is the first one that shapes up the WTO rules of trade in agricultural products. Holding the principle of equality and unity, it requires all the WTO members to create a firm foundation for processing the regulation of agricultural trade according to the goal of negotiation in the Punta del Este Declaration. Meantime, it aims at decreasing the agricultural protection and support gradually and effectively and establishing a just and market-oriented agricultural market system during a lasting and consentient period with a view to correcting and preventing from all the kinds of limitations and distortion of agricultural trade. URAA identified the method and total amount of decreasing which abating the export subsidies and domestic support objectively. However, URAA is an outcome of all the developed countries’ compromises in grabbing the international agricultural market. All the rules are designed for the purpose of realizing the profits of developed countries in the agricultural trade. It has stabilized the unfair mode of allocation of agricultural market in the legal form with a superficial intent of protecting the developing countries’ agricultural development. Consequently, URAA turns out to be a binding contract which will prevent all the developing countries from market-protection. At the same time, URAA is undeniably a weapon used by all the developing countries to fight against the developed countries. The essay introduces several successful and typical cases in which developing countries win over the developed countries in the dispute resolution system. The main purpose of the introduction is to encourage all the developing countries and help them establish their confidence in the WTO agricultural dispute. Finally, they will take initiative in the future dispute and be positive in the future WTO agricultural negotiation. My goal of writing this essay is to pursue a lasting and faster international agricultural development by the introduction of the WTO agricultural subsidies rules and discovering holes and defects involved in it.The essay mainly constitutes of four parts:Part one is the summary account of Agricultural Subsidies. Given the definition and characteristics of the subsidies, the essay tries to define the agricultural subsidies. Besides, the essay introduces the application rules on agriculture. This is the basis of the whole paper.Part two is the Rules of Agricultural Subsidies under WTO which including export subsidies and domestic support. It also introduces the implementation of the WTO agricultural rules by both developed and developing countries. Then, it also presents the different grounds of different countries in the Doha Round negotiation as well as the prospect of the future negotiation.Part three mainly talks about the current circumstances and features of the agricultural subsidies in China. It also puts forward some strategies to regulate the China’s agricultural measures. The essay discusses the grounds and attitudes which should be held by China and how to perfect China’s domestic agricultural measures. On this ground, we will seek a suitable way for China’s agricultural development together with a method to strengthen China’s ability in the international agricultural competition.

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