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A Study of the Modern Value of Rousseau’s Nature Education

Author: CuiXiuQin
Tutor: XieJinSong
School: Huazhong University of Science and Technology
Course: The philosophy of Marxism
Keywords: Rousseau nature education morality college students Marx
CLC: G40
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2010
Downloads: 451
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Nature education is Rousseau’s core educational ideas. Nature education has a profound philosophical bases, philosophical foundation of nature education is constituted of freedom and equality, conscience and natural religion. A according to natural law of children’s physical and mental development, nature education is the process of developing children into natural people, and nature education is based on natural law and human nature. A according to the principles of freedom and practice, children are educated by nature education. Nature education focuses on training children’s moral education, teaching children how to be a man, so moral education are the core and the final destination of nature education. Nature education has extremely plentiful content, and nature education’s modern value mainly embody revelation aspects of moral education of modern college students in China. Revelation aspects have four points. The education of socialist concept of honor; Cultivate a strong moral will; Cultivate rational moral emotions; Respect psychological characteristics of education object. Compared with Marx’s ideas of education, Rousseau’s nature education shows some limitations. In Marx’s views, education object are human beings, and human beings have natural attributes, social attributes and spirit attributes. Social attributes are human beings’fundamental attributes. Rousseau attributes to human nature to innate feelings of human beings, and Marx’s idea of human nature overcome Rousseau’s one-sided understanding of human nature. In nature education, Rousseau insists that education should be far away from the society, and he attempts to achieve the purpose of saving the world with education. Rousseau’s ideas are inconsistent with the development laws of social history. Marx abandoned Rousseau’s utopian. Marx put forward the ideas that the essences of education lie in society, and that education purposes are to achieve comprehensive development of human beings. Marx transcends Rousseau’s abstract view of education.

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