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The Government’s Function in Regional Technology Innovation

Author: JiangShan
Tutor: ZhangDanZhu
School: Jilin University
Course: Political Theory
Keywords: Innovation Regional technology innovation government functions
CLC: D035.5
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2008
Downloads: 102
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Abstract


Regional economic development cannot be separated from the technology innovation, and the latter also has a close relationship with the effective intervention from government. The thesis is mainly about how to make good use of the government’s function in the course of the regional technological innovation and how to build a good environment for the regional technological innovation so as to promote the realization of technological innovation.Currently, technovation has already gone beyond the range of enterprise activities and become extensive social activities of the various circles of society such as scientific research circle, academic and business circles. And this kind of extensive social cooperation will achieve success only by the organization and coordination of government. The government should change its functions correspondingly and take measures to ensure the continuous activities of technical innovation. These measures include necessary intervention in technology innovation markets, building favorable market atmosphere to provide situations suitable for technology innovation, setting up cooperative study and development centers of promoting commercialization of technology products, so as to develop extensive training for technology innovation, and so on. The thesis is composed of the following parts: Introduction: the background and significance of research, literature review, methodologies of study, main contents and structures and frames; the main body includes three aspects: firstly, the government functions in regional technology innovation are proposed, and then some analysis and studies will be made about the atmosphere of regional technology innovation, focusing on several relations that should be dealt with and studies on the government functions and market roles in the technovation; thirdly, it is mainly about strengthening the government power of macro regulation and building favorable atmosphere for regional technology innovation. The third section is the key of the thesis, which is aimed at finding the roots of the problems, probing into the government functions in the regional technovation at a deeper level.Technology innovation is a complete process from new product or technical plan to market application. It involves a series of activities such as production, study, development, commercialization and diffusion of a plan. Technovation causes subrogation of products and industries; leads and changes consumptive needs; arouses and promotes system innovation; and strengthens economic competence of regions. Generally speaking, the outstanding roles of technovation to strengthen the economic competence help to pay more attention to scientific technology and technology innovation and regulate technical structures to promote economic development. Regional technology innovation system is a subsystem of national technology innovation. It is a complex social system project, which can not be accomplished by the development of regional technology innovation or government, universities, research institutions, or enterprises. The government should motivate, organize, coordinate, direct, promote and control from the aspects such as policies orientation, system arrangement. In the era of knowledge economy when source innovation is more and more important, the regions where most of the technical and knowledge storage in China are kept are responsible for and capable of becoming the innovation sources in the whole country. The regions will lead the development of the whole level of technology innovation. Regional technology innovation is a platform for carrying out technology innovation strategies of a country, and a key to the development of national technology innovation system.Regional technology innovation requires the combination and effective government functions and market system. This combination is active and mutual. Technology innovation will not be separated from market, and the realization of the functions of market lies in the intervention of government. The market functions and government functions are irreplaceable for regional technology innovation. The two must be combined effectively so as to accomplish the purpose of technology innovation.In the process of regional technology innovation, the government functions should be fully exerted and provide favorable organization environment, human environment, policy environment, supporting and ensuring environment, and operating system through legal administrative intervention, which is necessary premise to technology innovation and the important content of reforming administrative systems and changing government functions.Above all, government is in the leading place in technovation, which can not be replaced by other innovation bodies. Whether its functions can be fully exerted decides whether technovation cane be carried out effectively. Therefore, in regional technovation, government should fully exert the role of macro regulation, providing necessary organization, coordination, direction and insurance for technovation, building favorable environment so as to promote the development of regional economy in a long run.

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CLC: > Political, legal > Political Theory > Theory of the State > State administration > Local administration,local self-government
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