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Beijing court music of the

Author: CuiJingYuan
Tutor: MengWeiPing
School: Capital Normal University
Course: Musicology
Keywords: Beijing Jin Dynasty Yuan Dynasty Ming Dynasty Qing Dynasty Court music
CLC: J609.2
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2009
Downloads: 189
Quote: 1
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Abstract


As early as in the 11th century BC, the Western Zhou Dynasty, Beijing has been the capital of the kingdom of Yan, but almost did not leave the court music records. To the tenth century AD, Liao began as provisional capital was established in Beijing in 1153 annuity, so the court music when self gold beginning. Feudal society in China last several dynasties gold, Yuan, Ming and Qing dynasty in the capital, Beijing veritable political, economic and cultural center. Court music, including the court musician creation and record music, and also includes alien to the imperial court into the offer music form or works of excellent varieties of art in the public music has also been called up to the court. Gathered in the palace at the same time a lot of skilled musicians, and specialized music institutions and dedicated musicians to record the palace of music and dance performances and other cases. In view of this, the court music more informative part of the records of Chinese traditional music. To meet the royal pleasure, both from an artistic point of view, or the scale of the level of music, particularly for the appreciation and enjoyment Yanyue music is quite exquisite, which reflects the superb level of court music and royal demeanor. Four dynasties gold capital at Beijing, Yuan, Ming and Qing court music development has its similarities and differences, there is also an obvious inheritance relationship. The more obvious is the ritual music and dance. \Lile is one of the emperors who maintain social order, and an important means to consolidate his rule, ritual music and dance belongs to the category of \Court ritual music and dance from the name of the music and lyrics of worship of view, most of them for the emperor praises, praying sickness or preach peace and prosperity, boasting internationally powerful countries, the purpose is to closely cooperate with the imperial power of political activities. There are two main the source of their music, follow the ancient music and ritual music handed down from previous generations, when toward the new creation of music, there is also the factor of foreign music. Palace \Shao music, the Danbi big music and other the Lile species, obvious absorption and heritage of the Ming dynasty. Worship music from the structural point of view, each movement is made up of several songs put together by, and under the same song title can be coupled with different content of the lyrics. In addition, the order in which these songs played can be re-permutations, which constitutes all kinds of ritual movement, this tradition is any connection with the same strain ancient palace worship music. Types of music in every dynasty has obvious absorption and former administration and development. Qianlong 14 years, \music of the Yuan Dynasty court music, but most is not the original music overall use of many variants, still without losing the characteristics of the original music. Court music not only to the ethnic music from generation to generation, but also absorbed the former administration Music minorities music and foreign music, a unique form of music that formed their own dynasties. : 16 Yuan Dynasty demons dance passed down from the west. Drama (Western Xia) ① Most of the palace of praise Buddha Tantric Dance \'a song; Qing Cao Xueqin, \the music naturally penetration feudalistic. The Beijing location of important music exchange unprecedented prosperity, Beijing's affluent attract the various ethnic groups, people from all parts between migration, but also set off the music and cultural exchanges of high land in Beijing, creating a geographical a new chapter in the sexual and cultural exchanges. Later on, the development of Beijing court music tends to stagnate, the gradual rise in the status of folk music, court music gradually penetrated into the folk music has spread so far. The most obvious manifestation of the Temple of Heaven of Gagaku and the Summer Palace at Chengde music. Are obvious traces of court music. 2008 Olympic Games, organized by the victory of the Paralympic Games, Beijing's status in the world is gradually increased, the Beijing court music will become a more important part in the long history of Chinese traditional music. After all, court music covers a wide range, the the modest author alone can not cover everything. This article first heritage and rheology, absorption and development of the main line to do preliminary carding and research to the Beijing court music.

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