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U.S. hegemonic strategy in the post-Cold War world pattern

Author: LiuZuo
Tutor: ChenJingHeng
School: PLA Foreign Languages ??Institute
Course: International Political Science
Keywords: Hegemonic strategy World pattern After the Cold War U.S. hegemony Strategic form of Clinton Administration Unipolar hegemony Political contradictions Participation and expansion strategy Advantage Strategy
CLC: D871.2
Type: Master's thesis
Year: 2001
Downloads: 476
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Abstract


Early 1990s, before the arrival of the 1980s, with the drastic changes in Eastern Europe, the collapse of the Soviet Union, the end of the Cold War. The only remaining \The isolationism think after the Cold War, the United States should be reduced as much as possible of political contact with the outside world, will focus on solving domestic problems. But the leadership of the United States have always believed that the interests of the United States is the world, the United States must abide by the \Popular in public opinion and civilian sectors isolationism failed to rise to become the national will of the United States. The United States 'global' beliefs can be subdivided into the strategy of multilateralism, balanced strategy and advantage strategic three strategic options. The multilateralism strategy represented by Joseph Nye and Robert Keohane. They believe that peace is not reliable, and the United States through international institutions for collective action to achieve the stated objectives. Balanced strategy is the continuation of the traditional balance of power strategy in the post-Cold War, and its main representatives of Kissinger and Christo Ryan. They believe that the United States should be based on the reality of the relative decline of its own power, take the means of checks and balances to deal with the rise of other new country, the only way the national interests of the United States in order to be effectively maintained. The main representatives of the dominant strategy is Zbigniew Brzezinski. The faction that position of strength in the United States is not relative decline, as long as we adopt the right policies, the United States long-term ability to maintain its global primacy. Integrated use of the Bush administration and the Clinton administration in the actual operation of the above three options - \Performance and the U.S. military since the behavior of the U.S. military intervention in the post-Cold War \The above is the first part of the thesis. U.S. hegemony in the post-Cold War strategy is a very complex hegemony \It has the following three forms. The first is the \End of. \The hegemonic strategy morphological To the leadership of the United States is rooted in people's thinking and consciousness, this existence is reasonable to establish U.S. hegemony, and reduce the cost of the United States needed to maintain its hegemonic position. Participation and expansion strategy \The second is an international mechanism to create and take advantage of the \The international regime School to provide a theoretical basis for regulation 'Richard · N · Haas is its exposition of the system. The United States to strengthen the control of the United Nations and other international political organizations, firmly controlled by various international economic organizations, vigorously strengthen its strategic adversary of the United States by the leadership of regional military alliance, and the use of a binding international security treaty constraints and other initiatives, the strategic form of specific performance. The third is the \U.S. strategic goal is to cultivate and use of contrast with close ties to hegemony agent for the United States and ghost create conflicts in the region within the multidimensional powers led by the United States to form a system of checks and balances. This new hegemonic strategy morphology after the war in Kosovo, the specific performance: the United States in foster Australians play the commander of the peacekeeping force in East Timor peacekeeping operations: the United States and Japan joint development and deployment of TMD systems; U.S. suddenly expressed the hope that Germany NATO to play a leadership role. Three hegemonic form of services in the U.S. \Keohane's \Introduction of the D'Amato Act and the Helms-Burton Act \are the practical steps taken by the United States to achieve this pursuit. The above is the second part of the thesis. How to understand the principal contradiction of the post-Cold War world, Professor Yan Xuetong proposed that the United States dominate the view of the post-Cold War international political conflicts with the major powers against hegemony. His analysis is not yet convincing, because in today's world, the United States and Western Europe, Japan, the convergence of interests is far greater than the differences between them. The United States, Japan and Europe as a whole contradiction with other non-Western countries are deepening contradiction between this is the main international political contradictions. Speaking from the point of view of economics, the hegemony of the United States is a power of investment behavior, derivative and hedging characteristics of the former U.S. hegemony become a power foam, which makes U.S. hegemony itself is full of contradictions. These two characteristics of the unipolar hegemony \Realities for Western Europe and Japan, by the power of beauty, the power savings, and expand the strength of strategic needs, take the initiative to move closer to the United States to strengthen the depth and breadth of cooperation with the United States, the U.S. intention to use them, thus forming a species led by the United States, Western Europe and Japan, followed by the \Group in the form of the powerful countries is there to become the a strong pole Group in the international community. Other non-Western countries, including China and Russia, including in the form of collection, constitute the international community in the weak polar collection. The trends of the post-Cold War world pattern is the strength of the polarization of the international forces

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